20 terms

Physical Features

Geographical physical features
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archipelago
a group of many islands
bay
a part of a sea or lake that extends into the land
basin
A depression in the surface of the land; some are filled with water
canyon
a deep, narrow valley with steep sides; often has a stream flowing through it
delta
the triangle-shaped deposit of sand and sediment that occurs where a river flows into an ocean
gulf
a large inlet of the sea that cuts deeply into the land
island
an area of land completely surrounded by water
isthmus
a narrow strip of land that links two larger landmasses
mountain range
a series of connected mountains
peninsula
a long, narrow stretch of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
plain
an extensive, relatively level area of land.
plateau
a raised area of land, such as a hill or mountain, with a flat top
reef
a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the surface of the water
river
A large natural stream of water that runs through the land
strait
a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water
tributary
a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
volcano
a break in Earth's crust where magma and other material erupts from Earth's interior
lake
A body of water completely surrounded by land.
coast
Land along the ocean.
mountain
An area of land that rises steeply at least 2,000 feet above the surrounding land

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