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Terms in this set (58)
the semsory details used to describe, arouse emotion or respresent abstractions. On va physical level,k imagery uses term related to the five senses: visual(sight), auditiory sound, tactilem gustatory, or olfactiory smell.
a figure of speech where an object/person/situattion has a meaning other tahn its literal meaning
any recurring elemetn that has symbolic significance in a story. through its repetition, a motif can help produce other narrative aspects such as theme or mood
a direct or indirect referemce to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth place , or work of art. allusions can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical
the feeling/ emotions that the text arouses in the reader; the atmosphere of a text.
an attitude of a write toward a subject or an audience. tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words(diction) or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject. some common tomes are elevated(formal) colloquial(casual) arachaic(out-of-use) comic sarcastic melancholy(sad) cheerful, etc
the repetition of inital consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words. the repetition can reinforce meaning, unify ideas, suplly a musical sound, and/pr echo the sense of the passage
the repetition of end sounds in words(3 types)
3 types of rhyme
end rhyme; interal rhyme; slant rhyme
at the end of two or more lines of poetry
within a single line poetry
when words don't technically rhyme,m but sound very similar
the pattern of end rhymes(end of lines) in a poem.(note: letters are used to id a poem's rhyme scheme/patterns)
the regular patterns of stresses found in many poems and songs
the typical meter used in s ounnets which requires 10 syllables/five iambs or feet(iamb/foot=2 syllables). in this metter, the unstressed syllable comes first, followed by the stressed(da-dum da-dum da-dum)
the poem's content is free of a traditional rhyme pattern
refers to the framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give a structural similarity. this often involves repetition of a grammatical element(such as a preposition or verbal phrase)
the repetition of a word/ phrase at the end of successive clauses or sentences
the repetition of a word/phrase at the end of successive clauses or phrases.
employs parallel structures of approximately the same length and importance
a verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed(follows the pattern A-B-B-A); a reversal in the order of the words in two parallel phrases
a figure of speech in which an opposition or contrast of ideas is expressed by parallelism of words that are the opposite of (or contrast with) each other
> "hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins"
the absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence
the deliberate use of a series of conjunctions
an appeal to authority/ credibility/ reputation
an appeal to emotions
an appeal to logic/reason/rationality
appeal to time or timeliness
a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. t
a combination of a adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings e.g. cruel kindness
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings
a figure of speech trhat directly adresses an absent or imginary person or a personifined abrstraction, such as liiberty or love. it is an address to someone or something that cannot answer. the effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity. many apostrophes imply a personification of the object addressed
From the Greek word for "good speech" euphemism are more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept. the euphemism may be used to adhere to standards of social or political correctness or to add humor or an ironic understatement
example "i beat my meat to an ISIS beheading" is a euphemism to "i masturbated furiously to an ISIS beheading" (note: i dont masturbate to ISIS be-headings)
phrases that are not intended to be taken literally. the literal meaning of the phrase often doesn't make sense
a comparison between two generally unlike things that does not use "like" or as instead it uses "it" or "was"
a comparison between generally unlike things that uses the words "like" or "as"
a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. (the literal Greek meaning is overshoot) hyperbole often have a comic effect; however, serious effect is also possible. often, hyperbole produces irony. the opposite of hyperbole is understatement
the ironic minializing of fact, understatement presents something as elss significant than it is. the effect can frequently be humorus and emphatic. it's opposite of hyperbole.
describe nouns or pronouns. adjectives answer the following questions
> how many?
describes verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. adverbs answer the following questions.
groups of words that function as basics parts of speech. they will not contain both a subject and a predicate. A verb phrase is a main verb and its helping verbs
noun and all of its modifiers
appositive phrases modify nouns. they are place near nouns or other noun phrases, and they function as replacements for that noun
will function as an adjective or adverb-
gerund-verb ending in -ing functions as a noun
participle-past or present tense participle functions as adjective
infinitive- to + verb functions as noun,adj,adv
begins with a verbal
a part of a sentence with both a subject and predicate
a subject and a predicate; makes sense on its own
a subject and a predicate; doesn't make sense on its own
who whom whose that whoever whomever which
when multiple subjects share a predicate
when multiple predicates share a subject
a sentence made up of one independant clause
a sentence made up of two or more independent clauses connected by a conjunctive or semicolon
a sentence made of one independant clauses and atleast one dependant clauses
a sentence made of two or more independent clauses and at-least one dependent clauses
What does Eliezer see that is a breaking point for his faith?
What are some Characteristics the Dystopian Protagonist?
How does Whitman feel about the past? (Preface of Leaves of Grass: Whitman)
what were the 3 types of plays Shakespeare wrote?
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