Art Foundations Final
Terms in this set (90)
Something that stands for, or represents, something else.
Elements of art
The basic symbols in the language of art. These basic symbols are line, shape, form, space, color, value, and texture
Principles of design
The rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art.They are: rhythm, movement, balance, proportion, variety, emphasis, harmony, and unity.
The materials used to make art are called this. Clay, wood, fiber, pencil, paper, paint, etc. are all materials artists use.
The act of looking at something carefully and thinking deeply about what is seen.
The process of moving a pointed instrument over a smooth surface to leave a mark. The mark is a line.
The process of applying color to a surface using tools such as a brush, knife, roller or even fingers and sticks.
An art process that involves creating artwork that takes up 3D space.
A process in which an artist repeatedly transfers an original image from one prepared surface to another.
Technique of capturing optical images on a light-sensitive surface.
Print method that used a stencil placed on a fabric screen stretched on a frame. Ink is pushed through the stencil onto a printing surface.
Art made to be experienced visually is called fine art, art made to be functional as well as visually pleasing is called applied art, or ________.
Type of sculpture in which forms project from a flat surface.
A sculpture that is surrounded on all sides by space.
Additive process in which the sculptor gradually adds more and more material to build a form.
Sculptor cuts or chips a form from a mass of material. This is a subtractive process.
Melted metal or wax, or another liquid material is poured into a mold to harden.
Modern technique in which the artist gathers and joins together a variety of different materials. Many involve welding, gluing, or other attachment methods.
The philosophy or study of the nature of beauty and art.
Standards of judgment, these are what you use for benchmarks, what you are basing your assessments on.
Steps of art criticism
Sequence or order you can use to organize your evaluation of an art piece.
Your personal interaction with the artwork, how you interpret the work based on your own life's happenings.
Evaluating and interpreting works of art.
Make a mental or written list of what you see - only facts, no guesses.
Explain or tell the meaning of the piece as you see it. Base your thoughts on the facts and clues you discovered in the first two steps.
Examine the work and discover how the artist has organized it using the elements of design (line, shape, value, color, texture) and the principles of design (the rules governing the elements)
Determine the artistic merit of the piece, give your opinion, tell what you like or dislike.
Requires a strong communication of feelings, moods, or ideas from the work to the viewer.
Focuses on realistic presentation.
Emphasis on the design, the arrangement of the elements of art, strong composition.
A mark drawn with a pointed, moving tool.
The amount of space an object takes up in one direction.
A line that shows or creates the outer edges of a shape.
A series of points that the viewer's eyes automatically connect.
Often called inactive lines, these are vertical or horizontal lines in an image.
Diagonal and zigzag lines suggesting movement or tension, excitement or instability.
Defines the edges and surface ridges.
It is an expressive movement, captures the feeling and motion of a subject, usually quickly drawn.
Means beautiful handwriting. Often thought of in connection with Oriental writing/ art.
Lines are usually made with brushstrokes that change from thick to thin in one stroke.
The art element that describes the darkness or lightness of an object.
The technique of using crossed lines for shading, creating values.
Objects that have 3 dimensions- Height, width and depth (sphere, cube, cone)
An area that is defined by 2 dimensions (square, circle, triangle)
The element of art that refers to the emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects.
The space that creates the shapes and forms of the figure in an image.
The empty space between the shapes and forms. The ground.
Irregular or uneven shapes.
Shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas.
Small areas of white used to show the very brightest spots on a surface.
Shapes and forms made by the forces of nature.
Shapes and forms made by the forces of humans.
The part of the picture pane that appears farthest away.
The area between the fore and back ground in a picture plane.
The part of a picture that appears nearest to you.
A graphic system that creates depth and volume on a 2D surface.
The surface of a painting or drawing.
Objects lower on the picture plane appear to be closer to the viewer.
When one object covers part of the second object, the first seems to be closer than the object being covered.
Bright objects seem closer to you, dull objects seem farther away.
Objects with clear sharp edges appear to be close to you.
Larger objects appear to be closer to the viewer than the smaller ones
Two point perspective
Perspective drawing that utilizes two places where parallel lines seem to cross.
That place in the distance where the sky meets the ground.
Lines that go up and down. Precise definition is a line that is perpendicular to the plane of the Earth.
That place in the distance where it appears to our eyes that parallel lines like railroad tracks seem to cross one another.
Three Dimensions of Realism
Height, width and depth.
The brightness or dullness of a color based on the amount of pigment of the main hue present. Lowered by the addition of gray or by adding the color's complement.
The lightness or darkness of a color based on the amount of light that a color reflects.
When light passes through a wedge-shaped glass, called a prism, the beam of light is bent and separated into bands of color. The colors always appear in the same order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet.
It occurs because the receptors in your eyes fatigue, and in an effort to rejuvenate they flash the opposite signals.
An element of art that is derived from reflected light.
The colors Red, Yellow and Blue from the color wheel theory on color organization. From these three colors all other hues can be made.
The colors Orange, Green and Violet.
A color spectrum bent into a round arrangement.
The name of a color from the spectrum.
The colors resulting from mixing a primary with a secondary. On the color wheel, these are located between the primaries and secondaries.
Created by mixing white with a hue.
A color at full brightness, with little or no mixing of gray or complements. These colors are vibrant and active.
Finely ground powders that form paint when mixed with a liquid.
Created by mixing black with a hue.
Colors with gray or complements mixed in with them. These colors are quiet and somber.
A color scheme using one color and the tints, shades and tones of that color. A very limiting scheme, it has a strong, unifying effect.
A color scheme based on 3 or 4colors that sit beside one another on the color wheel, and have a common hue.
A color scheme based on three colors placed an equal distance apart on the color wheel.
These are used to organize colors in artwork, so that the piece is pleasant, and does not look like a visual argument
The opposite of a color from the color wheel. Used to create tones, also used in color schemes.
Photoreceptors in the eye that transmit the messages of color to the brain.
Photoreceptors in the eye that transmit the messages of light and dark to the brain.
How colors set an overall mood of an image. Bright and happy image or dull and depressing based on the intensity of the colors.
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