Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Famous Women Scientists, Physicists, Chemists, Biologists and Astronomers - WGU Praxis 5571
Terms in this set (87)
Famous For: Work on radioactivity
Famous For: Primate studies
Famous For: Nerve growth studies
Famous For: Research on RNA, DNA, graphite, coal and viruses
Famous For: Work on radioactivity and nuclear physics
Famous For: Work in nuclear physics
Famous For: Findings in astronomy
Famous For: Study of radiation
Famous For: Work with telomere
Famous For: Particle physics studies
Famous For: Discovering comets
Famous For: Protein crystallography
Gertrude B. Elion
Famous For: Development of new drugs
Famous For: Work with experimental physics and radioactivity
Famous For: Advancing the Theory of Relativity.
Famous For: Contributions to quantum theory, nuclear reactions and nuclear fission.
Famous For: Explaining Black holes and Advances on the General Theory of Relativity and Quantum mechanics
Famous For: Explaining the theories of gravity and mechanics
Famous For: Created the first Alternating Current system
Famous For: Discovered radioactivity nature of thorium and the discovery of polonium and radium
Famous For: Advancement of the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics. Developed absolute thermometric scale
Famous For: Explaining Hooke's Law of Elasticity
Famous For: Work on Path integral formulation on quantum mechanics, particle physics, theory of quantum electrodynamics and, superfluidity.
Famous For: Discovery of electromagnetic induction and came up with the idea for first electrical transformer
Famous For: Supporting the Theory on the existence of an atomic nucleus
Famous For: His work on the Wireless Telegraphy
Famous For: The formulation of the quantum theory
Famous For: Inventing the first electric battery
Famous For: Showing the existence of the electron
Famous For: Extensive Advancements on Quantum mechanics and the Schrodinger equation.
James Clerk Maxwell
Famous For: Work on the Theory of Electromagnetism and the Kinetic theory of gases
Famous For: Work on Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty Principle
Famous For: Discovery of the neutron
Famous For: The process of Pasteurization and creation of Vaccines for Rabies and Anthrax.
Famous For: Identification and presenting the atomic theory and research on color blindness.
George Washington Carver
Famous For: Promoting alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans, sweet potatoes.
Famous For: Inventing the dynamite. As the inventor of the dynamite.
Famous For: Being the "Father of Modern Chemistry". He was able to show the relationship between oxygen and metal, resulting in rust.
Famous For: Being the first "Modern Chemist". He was the one of the earliest men to apply the scientific method in chemistry and physics. His book, The Sceptical Chymyst, is considered a foundational source of literature on the field of chemistry.
Famous For: His work in molecular biology and quantum chemistry. His work in the field of chemistry is chronicled in his book The Nature of the Chemical Bond is believed as one of the most foundational books on chemistry.
Famous For: Creating the table of elements used in chemistry and physics. In addition to the creation of the periodic table, he worked on the spectroscope and the capillarity of liquids
Famous For: Inventing soda water. As a chemist, Joesph Priestly has been credited with the discovery of oxygen. Invented soda water.
Famous For: in 1995 co-discovered the harm that chlorofluorocarbons had on the ozone layer.
Famous For: The discovery for earth based alkaline metals and alkali.
Famous For: Being the "Father of Chemical Warfare" and synthesizing ammonia used in fertilizers and explosives.
Famous For: Being the "Father of Nuclear Chemistry". He was one of the earliest men to work in the field of radiochemistry and radioactivity.
Famous For: Theory of the Greenhouse Effect and founder on the science of Physical Chemistry. He advanced the theory to help explain the "ice age" which resulted in what is known as the "greenhouse effect." He also provided the A_______s equation which is a formula to calculate reaction rates when the temperature is raised on certain chemicals.
Famous For: Being the "Father of Femtochemistry". He was the first to delve into the field of "femtochemistry", which is studying chemical reactions measured in femtoseconds (10 to -15 of a second). He received a Nobel Prize in 1995 for his advancement of the field of femtochemistry.
Famous For: Successful determination of base sequences in nucleic acids.
Famous For: The Cannizzaro reaction. He worked extensively on organic chemistry in addition to his explanation which on how certain chemical reactions take place certain elements lack the hydrogen atom.
Famous For: His work on the diffusion of gases and the application of dialysis. The discovery of Graham on the use of dialysis has its roots on his study of colloids.
Famous For: Theory of Evolution: As a biologist, he proposed the concept that "all species of life" came from a single source. His theory of evolution marked the beginning of the discussion on natural selection.
Famous For: Modern Genetics. When he wrote "Experiments on Plant Hybridization", he paved the way for biology students to study genetic traits in peas.
Famous For: Classified organisms into a "Ladder of Life", is forever linked with philosophy and logic. His work on the classification of living things was still in use up to the 19th century. He differentiated them by calling animals and plants as he saw them, with blood, without blood, and so on.
Famous For: Blind experimental method for objective results. He fostered the use of blind experiments in order to produce objective results.
Famous For: Created the process of pasteurization for treating milk and wine. His germ theory of disease became the catalyst to his process we know as pasteurization.
Famous For: Coined the term "cell". His work included the application what is known today as Hooke's law, his use of microscopy, and for the discovery of the "cell" in 1665 using cork and a microscope.
Famous For: The Father of Western Medicine. He is the first person to attribute diseases to natural causes rather than caused by the superstition that it is caused by gods.
Famous For: Creating the first effective vaccine for smallpox and is considered as the "father of immunology" mainly because of his pioneering work on the smallpox vaccine and the use of vaccination.
Famous For: Observing metabolism. He is credited with the naming of hydrogen, oxygen, and silicon. This has led him to be considered the father of modern chemistry. As a biologist, he identified that living things generated heat, leading to the concept of metabolism.
Famous For: Movement against using pesticides. She is credited with creating awareness for the preservation of the environment. She led the crusade against the use of DDT in the United States of America, which resulted in the creation of the EPA, Environmental Protection Agency.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Famous For: The Father of Microbiology. He was born in Delft, Netherlands in 1632. His interest in lensmaking and curiosity led him to be the first to observe single cell organisms. He is considered a biologist and microscopist which has earned him the distinction of being the father of microbiology.
Alexander von Humboldt
Famous For: Humboldtian science. His work in biogeography paved the way to the idea that the land in Africa, South America, and those along the Atlantic Ocean were once joined together. He believed in the approach of combining the different branches of the physical sciences, such as biology, geology, and meteorology, this we know today as Humboldtian science.
Famous For: First to introduce medicinal experimentation. He is viewed as the top medical researchers of his time, 129-200 AD. His contributions include those in the field of anatomy, logic, neurology, pathology, pharmacology, and physiology.
Famous For: Using antiseptics for cleaning and sterilizing wounds. He became a surgeon and pioneered the work of antiseptic or sterile surgery. He used carbolic acid to cleanse wounds and to sterilize instruments used for surgery.
Famous For: Discovered the cell nucleus. Specializing in botany, he introduced the model that help describe random movements of cells which is known as particle theory, or more aptly, Brownian motion.
Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)
Famous For: On the Fabric of the Human Body. He is author of one of the earliest books on anatomy, "On the Fabric of the Human Body." He is considered as the "founder of modern human anatomy".
(1473-1543) Developed the heliocentric model,
(1564-1642) "Father of observational astronomy" identified the four moons of Jupiter, observed sunspots, and supported the heliocentric model. Famous For: Providing a mathematical analysis of the relationship between astronomy and physics
Johann Gottfried Galle
(1812-1910) discovered Neptune, provided methods to calculating planetary orbits
Michael E. Brown
identified pluto as a trans-neptunian object (TNO
(1629-1695) Provided an explanation for Saturn's rings.
(1920-2004) Created the alternative explanation of the big bang theory known as the "steady state theory" in which the density of matter remains unchanged as the universe expands.
(1736-1813) Calculated a location in space where the combined gravitational force of two large celestial bodies equal the centrifugal force felt by a third smaller body - the L______ points
(1656-1742) Calculated the orbit of a comet that could be seen from earth every 76 years. (next sighting is 2061)
(1750-1848) Discovered 5 comets and calculated the orbit of a comet that could be seen from earth every 155 years, The 35P H____-Rigollet Comet
Annie Jump Cannon
(1863-1941) Developed a system to classify and organize stars according tho their temperatures. Also created the stellar classification system and "Harvard Classification Scheme)
(1898-1974) famous for the theory of the super nova that eventually become neutron stars and dark matter,
unseen matter in space
(1934-1996) produced show called "Cosmos" and the SETI program
(1546-1601) an alchemist and astronomer, last to make observations with the naked eye
(1571-1630) combined astronomy and mathematics in his creation of laws of planetary motion
(1889-1953) made observations of galaxies beyond milky way, the Triangulum and Andromeda nebula. Telescope named after him.
(1738-1822) Discovered infrared radiation and Uranus with its satellites Oberon and Titania.
(1904-1968) Discovered an explanation of quantum tunneling via alpha decay. Postulated the big bang theory.
(1906-1997) discovered Pluto and asteroids
(1730-1817) the messier astronomical catalog
(1943) Discovered Pulsars
Sets with similar terms
BIOETHICS TEST 1
Scientists to Know
Sets found in the same folder
Earth and Space Science Content Knowledge: 5571
Earth and Space Science Praxis 2
Praxis 5571: Earths History
Famous astronomers (WGU) - praxis 5571