17 terms

Envirothon - Snakes of Michigan (info)

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Black rat snake
Michigan's largest snake; live in or near woodlands, often near water; will enter barns and abandoned buildings in search of rodents: species of special concern
Blue racer
will climb bushes and low trees to escape enemies; inhabit open woodlands to marsh edges; feed on rodents, frogs, smaller snakes, and birds
Brown snake
rarely seen in the open; spend time under objects or underground; feed on earthworms and slugs
Butler's garter snake
prefer moist meadows, marshes, and lake edges; can be common in vacant urban lots where objects to hide under and earthworms are abundant; found in lower peninsula
Copper-bellied water snake
found in or near river-bottom swamps, shrubby ponds, and wooded river banks; feed on frogs, tadpoles, and fish
Eastern Garter snake
most common species throughout michigan; feed on earthworms, frogs, toads, tadpoles, and small mammals
Eastern hognose snake
color varies; when threatened, they puff up with air, and may excrete a stinky musk and fake their death, laying with their belly-up; live in open, sandy woodlands
Eastern massasauga rattlesnake
hibernate in swamps and marshes during the winter, but move to fields and woodlands in the summer in search for mice and voles; shy and avoid confrontation - only venomous snake in Michigan; threatened
Eastern milk snake
found in woods, fields, marshes, farmlands, and suburbs; hunt rodents around farm buildings
Fox snake
western fox snake (inhabits woods, old fields, and dune areas in upper peninsula) and eastern species (prefers marshes and wet meadows along the great lakes); feed on rodents, frogs, and birds
Kirtland's snake
found in damp meadows, vacant lots, and open, swampy woodlands; eats worms and stays underground most of the time (endangered in Michigan)
Northern red-bellied snake
inhabit both fields and woods, but are most often found under objects at the edges of lumbar piles or trash dumps; eats worms, slugs, and snails
Northern ribbon snake
prefer moist meadows, marshes, and lake edges; eat frogs, tadpoles, salamander, and small fish
Northern ring-necked snake
lives in moist-woods and woodland edges, resting under logs or bark; feed on earthworms, salamanders and smaller snakes; rare
Northern water snake
found along shorelines; eat fish and frogs
Queen snake
rare species in michigan; found near sallow streams, canals, or ponds and often bask in shrubs hanging over water; feed on crayfish mainly; southern lower peninsula
Smooth green snake
live in grassy places where their color makes good camouflage; they feed on insects, caterpillars, and spiders (vulnerable to pesticides)