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54 terms

Medical Terminology: Chapter 16

The Male Reproductive System
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Anorchism
A condition in which there is a lack of one or both testes
Artificial Insemination
The process of artifical placement of semen into the vagina so that conception may take place
Aspermia
A condition in which there is a failure to form semen
Azoospermia
A condition in which there is a lack of spermatozoa in the semen
Balanitis
Inflammation of the glans penis
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
An enlargement of the prostate gland
Castrate
To remove the testicles or ovaries; to geld, to spay
Circumcision
The surgical process of removing the forskin of the penis
Cloning
The process of creating a genetic duplicate of an individual organism through asexual reproduction
Coitus
Sexual intercourse between a man and a woman
Condom
A thin, flexible protective sheath, usually rubber, worn over the penis during copulation to help prevent impregnation or venereal disease
Condyloma
A wart-like growth of the skin, most often seen on the external genitalia; is either viral or syphilitic in origin
Cryptorchism
A condition in which the testes fail to descend into the scrotum
Ejaculation
The process of expulsion of seminal fluid from the male urethra
Epidiymectomy
Surgical excision of the epididymis
Epididymitis
Inflammation of the epididymis
Epispadias
A congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
Erectile Dysfunction
Involves the inability to achieve and maintain penile erection sufficient to complete satisfactory intercourse
Ericsson Sperm Separation Method
A process of separating the Y-chromosome sperm from the X-chromosome sperm
Eugenics
The study and control of the bringing forth of offspring as a means of improving genetic characteristics of future generations
Eunuch
A male who has been castrated; had his testicles removed
Gamete
A mature reproductive cell of the male or female
Gonorrhea
A highly contagious venereal disease of the genital mucous membrane of either sex
Gynecomastia
A condition of excessive development of the mammary glands in the male
Herpes Genitalis
A highly contagious venereal disease of the genitalia of either sex
Heterosexual
Pertaining to the opposite sex
Homosexual
Pertaining to the same sex
Hydrocele
A collection of serous fluid in a sac-like cavity, specifically the tunica vaginalis testis
Hypospadias
A congential defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
Infertility
The inability to produce a viable offspring
Mitosis
The ordinary condition of cell division
Oligospermia
A condition in which there is a scanty amount of spermatozoa in the semen
Orchidectomy
Surgical excision of a testicle
Orchidotomy
Incision into a testicle
Orchitis
Inflammation of a testicle
Parenchyma
The essential cells of a gland or organ that are concerned with its function
Penitis
Inflammation of the penis
Phimosis
A condition of narrowing of the opening of the prepuce wherein the foreskin cannot be drawn back over the glans penis
Prepuce
The foreskin over the glans penis in the male
Prostate Cancer
A malignant tumor of the prostate gland
Prostatectomy
Surgical excision of the prostate
Prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate
Puberty
The stage of development in the male and female when secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and become functionally capable of reproduction
Semen
The fluid-transporting medium for spermatozoa discharged during ejaculation
Spermatoblast
The sperm germ cell
Spematogenesis
Formation of spermatozoa
Spermatozoon
The male sex cell
Spermicide
An agent that kills sperm
Syphilis
A chronic infectious venereal disease caused by Treponema Pallidum, which is transmitted sexually
Testicular
Pertaining to a testicle
Trisomy
A genetic condition of having three chromosomes instead of two. The conidtion causes various birth defects
Variocele
An enlargement and twisting of the veins of the spermatic cord
Vesiculitis
Inflammation of a vesicle; in particular, the seminal vesicle
Vasectomy
Surgical excision of the vas deferens