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A+ Practice Test 19 (220-901)
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Terms in this set (25)
What acronym refers to a series of basic hardware diagnostic tests performed by the startup BIOS after the computer is powered on?
A POST card:
Is used for troubleshooting computer startup problems
Which of the POST beep codes would be an indicator of RAM failure?
Long continuous beep tone
Which of the POST beep codes indicates video adapter card failure?
One long, two short beeps
What is a common solution for random time and date resets in Windows?
CMOS battery replacement
What could be of help in troubleshooting the "Invalid boot disk" error message?
- Disconnecting USB thumb drive
- Checking BIOS settings for boot order
- Removing floppy disk from the Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
Possible causes of continuous system reboot loops include:
- Hardware failure
- Corrupted OS installation
- Misconfigured OS
T or F: Continuous reboots of a Windows host upon encountering a persistent stop error might be caused by Startup and Recovery configuration settings in the Control Panel System applet (System -> Advanced system settings -> Advanced -> Startup and Recovery -> Settings... -> System failure).
A feature that can be found in some types of PC Power Supply Units (PSUs) that allows the PSU to automatically adapt to the AC voltage supplied from the power socket is called:
T or F: Common fixes for PC components not getting enough power include disconnecting all extraneous peripheral devices that might be putting too much load on the Power Supply Unit (PSU), reseating the PSU cable connectors inside the computer case if necessary, and applying the PSU tester to check if the power supply is working properly.
Excessive dust buildup inside the computer case might be the cause of:
- Unexpected shutdowns
- Intermittent device failure
- Continuous reboots
Which of the PC components listed below would be the most probable source of problems when the issue symptoms on a failing system include loud noise from the inside of the computer case?
- Magnetic Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
- Cooling fans
- Power Supply Unit (PSU)
Which of the CPU connectors on the motherboard should be checked/reseated in order to ensure that the CPU is receiving power?
4/8-pin 12v & P4 connector
T or F: The Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) in MS Windows provides technical information that might be of help for advanced users in solving the problem that caused the stop error. The information displayed on the screen when Windows encounters this type of error typically includes error code, memory address where it occurred, and the name of the driver that caused it.
"Pinwheel" is an informal term used for describing stop errors in:
What actions would solve the problem of leaking/burst/bulged capacitors inside the computer case?
- Motherboard replacement
- Capacitor replacement
What tools can be used to isolate a failing hardware component inside the PC case?
- POST card
- Loopback plug
- PSU tester
What could cause slow performance of a hard drive?
- File fragmentation
- Insufficient amount of RAM
An actuator arm assembly failure manifested by loud clicking noise emitted from the inside of the computer case is a problem symptom that should prompt for:
Data backup and hard drive replacement
Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) allows for monitoring system for anticipated:
T or F: Replacing a faulty mechanical component of a magnetic drive requires specialized environment and diagnostic tools.
The /R switch of the CHKDSK utility:
- Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information
- Fixes errors on the disk
For a newly added hard drive, this command allows to configure the drive with a file system so that Windows can store information on the disk:
Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) offers a set of tools and utilities to troubleshoot Windows startup issues. Which of the command-line commands launches a tool for manual troubleshooting of problems related to master boot record (MBR), boot sector, and Boot Configuration Data (BCD) store in Windows RE Command Prompt?
What commands in MS Windows launches a command-line partitioning utility?
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