Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (35)
a solid mass of mineral or mineral like substance
rock formed when magma or lava cools and solidifies
rock formed when sediments are compacted and become cemented together
any type of rock that has been changed by heat, pressure, or fluids.
interaction between Earth's water, air, and land systems that change rocks from one type to another
molten material that forms deep beneath the Earth's surface
magma that reaches the surface
a process of physically or chemically breaking down rocks
made up of weathered pieces of earth materials
intrusive igneous rock
rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
extrusive igneous rock
rock formed when lava hardens
having very different sized minerals in the texture
rocks having quarts and feldspar
rocks having dark silicate minerals and plagioclase feldspar
rocks with a composition between granitic and basaltic compositions
being composed almost entirely of dark silicate minerals
involves weathering and the removal of rock
when erosive agents drop their sediments
the process that squeezes or compacts sediment
when dissolved minerals are deposited in the spaces between sediment
clastic sedimentary rock
rocks made of weathered bits of rocks and minerals
chemical sedimentary rock
rocks formed when dissolved minerals precipitate from water solutions
to change forms
when magma intrudes rock and metamorphism takes place.
when large areas of rocks are subjected to extreme temperature and pressure, like mountain building
when water solutions that readily change to gasses at surface pressure escape from a mass of magma
foliated metamorphic rock
a metamorphic rock with a layered or banded appearance
nonfoliated metamorphic rock
a metamorphic rock that does not have a banded texture
Which of the following is NOT one of the three major types of rocks?
Which of the following forms partly as the result of surface processes?
Which of the following would NOT be a major process in the formation of sedimentary rocks?
The formation of igneous rocks is powered by
A fine-grained igneous rock forms
As the result of quick cooling
Cementation often occurs after Earth materials are
Ripple marks indicate that the rock formed
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