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Unit 4: Genetics
Terms in this set (56)
The passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspring.
The father of genetics.
A distinguishing characteristic belonging to an organism.
The scientific study of heredity.
The female part of the plant that produces eggs.
The male part of the plant that produces sperm.
The process where egg meets sperm.
When pollen reaches the pistil of a flower.
When pollen from a flower lands on the pistil of the same flower.
When pollen from a flower lands on the pistil of a different flower.
An organism that after many generations has the same form of the same trait (not homozygous).
The starting point of a genetic experiment, often have opposite traits.
The resulting generation from the P generation, all are hybrids.
The "factors" that control a trait.
Different form of a gene.
The trait that always shows up when the allele is present.
The trait that is hidden or masked when the dominant allele is present.
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait (not heterozygous).
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will occur.
A tool that helps us see the probability within genetics.
The genetic makeup, or alleles in an organism.
The physical appearance, or visible traits in an organism.
Having identical alleles (not purebred).
Having different alleles (not hybrid).
Studied meiosis in grasshopper gametes.
Watson and Crick
The men who discovered the shape of DNA.
The woman who discovered the shape of DNA.
The "rungs" of the DNA ladder, ATCG; contains nitrogen and other elements.
Long chain molecules made of amino acids.
Production of proteins.
This molecule is the messenger that is created from the DNA in the nucleus, and travels out into the cytoplasm for protein synthesis.
This nitrogen base is used only in RNA.
Any change in DNA of a gene.
A disease in which cells grow and divide uncontrollably, damaging the parts of the body around them.
The use of drugs to treat a disease
This nitrogen base pairs with thymine in DNA.
This nitrogen base pairs with adenine in DNA.
This nitrogen base pairs with guanine in DNA.
This nitrogen base pairs with cytosine in DNA.
The 23rd pair of chromosomes, these determine the sex of the baby.
The sex chromosomes of a female.
The sex chromosomes of a male.
Traits that the gene are carried on the sex chromosomes; colorblindness.
Women can have a gene for a trait (be heterozygous), but not express it phenotypically.
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes in chromosomes.
A genetic disorder where a thick mucus is produced in the lungs, two mutated alleles are inherited.
A genetic disorder where oxygen levels are affected because of crescent shaped blood cells.
A genetic disorder where a person's blood clots slowly, more often in men.
A genetic disorder where an extra chromosome is inherited, intellectual disability may be the result.
"Family trees", that are used to track which members of a family have a particular trait.
Selecting organisms with desired traits to be parents of the next generation.
Producing an offspring with desired traits, it has the exact same genes as the organism from which it was produced.
A powerful technique for producing organisms with desired traits by manipulating DNA.
Traits that are carried by genes, they are passed down from parent to offspring.
Traits that are not carried by genes, they are affected by the environment.
All of an organism's DNA.
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