26 terms

Term List Ch. 9

James Madison
He was a member of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers, which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. Known as the Father of the Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson advocated limited federal government. He believed all the natural human rights should be known and was an Anti-Federalist. He was the leader of the anti-federalist movement.
Continental Congress
They met again to discuss the Articles of Confederation but instead of reforming it they winded up scrapping it and came up with the Constitution. There were two parties split up, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
Abigail Adams
She requested from her husband equal legal rights for married women, who under common law couldnt not own property, enter in to contracts, or initiate lawsuits. She told her husband, that men would be tyrants if they continued to hold such power over women. She criticized patriots for emancipating all nations from monarchial depotism while retaining absolute power over wives. She was well educated and didn't believe in slavery.
Articles of Confederation
This was a loose way to tie the 13 colonies together. This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage. It had a weak central government point of view.
Allen Brothers
British agents in Vermont who wanted to annex the area to Britain. They wanted to establish a little republic for Britain. British still hasn't completely left America. Britain wanted to help rebelllions happen so America would keep breaking into small groups. Divide and conquer.
Lord Sheffield
He wanted to flood America with cheap goods to destroy our domestic commerce and stop our industrialization so we would crawl back to England. By regulated American commerce America will suffer and crumble.
John Jay
He was convinced that the Articles of Confederation did not provide a strong enough central government. He wrote Federalist Papers in support of the new Constitution. He was involved in drafting the Constitution.
Dey of Algiers
North African leader who took advantage of the weakness of the articles of confederation to attack american shipping. He would enslave Americans.
Richard Henry Lee
A fervent Anti-Federalists, like Sam Adams. He believed in a weak central government and a stronger state government. He was the first to announce America as independent.
Alexander Hamilton
Powerful figure from New York. Leader of the Federalist movement. Helped write the Federalist Papers and known to later on believe in a national bank.
Philadelphia Quakers
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Written by Jefferson and Madison. Argued that the concept of compulsory religion is wrong, no forced religious worship or ministry and no discrimination on account of his opinions or belief but free to believe what they wish, and that these rights were natural rights of mankind. No person could be forced to pay for church taxes or have to attend church.
Civic Virtue
Almost like republicanism. People who exemplify this quality go beyond their obligations by taking an active role in improving the community and the experiences of other members of the community.
Republican Motherhood
It was an excuse for men to tell woman that they are doing their part in the new society by staying at home and teaching the children of the new times. This was the woman's "civic virtue"
King Congress
States refused to pay anything and complained about the tyranny of congress. There was no real executive branch yet and people were concerned about the power given to congress.
The people at the Philadelphia convention. People like Washington the chairman. Benjamin Franklin. James Madison ("Father of the Constitution"), Alexander Hamilton, who advocated for strong central government.
Empress of China
First ship to trade with China. Merchant ship that left NY and went to China and this introduced trade with the East Asian markets.
Land Ordinance of 1785
A major success of the Articles of Confederation. Provided for the orderly surveying and distribution of land belonging to the U.S. It would sell the lands to proprietors. The 16th area was set aside for public education.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery.
3/5th Compromise
With the population of African Americans being a raging topic the 3/5 compromise came to play. 3/5 of slaves would be represented in congress.
Electoral College
The system that the United States used and still uses to elect the president. Each state has a number of electoral votes based on the number of representatives it has in congress. The system showed the lack of trust the founding fathers had in the common man.
Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution and they did not need to be "mentioned".
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. Leaders included, Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams, and Richard Henry Lee.
When Spain took control of the terriotry, it became a new town. When Americans took the land, it was used as cotton plantations worked by slaves.
Shay's Rebellion
This conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes.