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unit 8 esson test - the interwar period

Terms in this set (133)

The three dictators that caused the most chaos and devastation were Hitler of Nazi Germany, Mussolini of Fascist Italy, and Tojo of Japan. Following WWI, most of the world was in an economic depression. In response to the economic disasters that these countries were going through, some nations fell into prey of totalitarian dictators. Totalitarianism is a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial. It requires complete willingness to obey to the state. A combination of postwar nationalist resentment and economic hardship allowed military dictatorships to rise in these three countries, as well as Spain, Latin America, and the Soviet Union. Mussolini used Italy's economic hardships and fear of communists to win popularity. He promised to make Italy wealthy and powerful, and promised to rebuild its economy and armed forces. Hitler also used Germany's period of great depression to rise to power. He used ample propaganda in his speeches, and used posters. He criticized Germany's government for failing to solve Germany's economic problems, and he spoke in the name of German pride. He reminded Germany over and over again that they were treated unfairly at the end of WWI. He also blamed the Jews and Communists for causing Germany's problems. He was able to gain popularity and power by doing so -- people believed his speeches and stood with him against common enemies (the Jews and the Communists). Tojo of Japan wanted to conquer European countries to strengthen Japan, an idea that most Japanese people agreed with, so they stood by Tojo's side. In conclusion, the totalitarian dictators after WWI caused devastation in many countries and used the great depression as a way to gain power through propaganda.