Social Studies Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
compromise
A settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement.
bill of rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
constitution
A document which spells out the principles by which a government runs and the fundamental laws that govern a society
Northwest Ordinance
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
ratify
Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Daniel Shays
Head of Shay's Rebellion; he and several other angry farmers violently protested against debtor's jail; eventually crushed; aided in the creation of constitution because land owners now wanted to preserve what was theirs from "mobocracy"
executive
person who runs the government and sees that the laws are carried out.
economic depression
A period when business activity slows, prices and wages drop, and unemployment rises
James Madison
Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of 1812, author of Bill of Rights
judicial branch
the branch of government charged with the interpretation of laws and the administration of justice
Roger Sherman
American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution (1721-1793), He helped draft the Great Compromise that determined how states would be represented in Congress
James Wilson
Author of Virginia's Bill of Rights, was strong advocate that Constitution needed its own Bill of Rights and was worried it gave the President too much power.
Gouverneur Morris
Active participant at the Constitutional Convention, even delivering more speeches than James Madison. Given credit for most of the actual language in the Constitution.