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Terms in this set (30)
know the difference between a fossil and an artifact
Fossils are the remains of organisms that lived long ago while artifacts are human made objects that provide some of the best clues to pre-history.
know the characteristics of the early homo sapiens
Early homo sapiens or human like species made simple tools and weapons out of stone to help them survive. Not only that, but they had to go through dramatic changes and geography and climate. They used to live in East Africa.
describe hunter gathers
Hunter gatherers are people who hunt for animals and gather wild plants to survive during harsh or wild climates. They were small groups around 30 people who worked together and shared their jobs. Also, nomadic people, were people who moved from place to place, and became nomadic hunter gatherers but the difference was, that they traveled light. In conclusion, these people were constantly on the move to find food to survive.
know why the early humans settled near estuaries
Humans settles down along river valleys and developed new farm tools and methods.
be able to recognize a primary source
A primary source is an artifact, document, autobiography, that holds information that was created at the time understudy.
know cultural hearths are important
Cultural hearths promoted the spread of new ideas, practices, and technology in different parts of the world.
know how faiyum and oaxaca are different
Around the time the yang Shao were farming in china, another cultural hearth was forming across the pacific in Mesoamerica. The people were developing an important crop that today we call corn. Maze domestication helped make Mesoamerica an important cultural hearth. This is what we call Oaxaca. Long before building their extraordinary pyramids, the ancient Egyptians led the building blocks of an advanced culture on the flood plains on the Nile river in North Africa. As in other cultural hearths, agriculture was the rout of cultural development of ancient Egypt, who's farmers adapted ideas from places far and wide. Early farmers established the Nile river valley as an important cultural hearth. This is what we call Fayum.
know monumental architecture
The structures at Gobekli Tepe were constructed miles from any Neolithic settlements, water source, or agriculture land. The absence of harvest symbols found in later farming cultures reinforces the theory that hunter gatherers, not settled people, built Gobekli Tepe. Gobelki Tepe was a large structure built for an identified purpose. It was specifically dedicated for religious use but at the same time many archaeologists can't easily answer if it was used for agriculture or religion.
know about the cities in early civilizations
More than just large population centers, early cities were political, economic, and cultural centers for the surrounding areas. Cities often contained monumental architecture usually dedicated to religion or government. The city's heart was its trading center, where farmers and merchants met to conduct business. Trade allowed some civilizations to grow very rich. Some merchants traveled long distance to trade goods with other groups. Overtime, they established trade routes, which helped spread ideas and practices.
know why scribes were important
Specialized workers called scribes recorded business transactions, Important events, custom traditions, and laws. They helped archaeologist find out more about the past and understand the past more. They held lots of information and it was later written down.
know what promoted civilization in Mesopotamia
The Hebrews established a civilization along the Mediterranean Sea. However, what really set them apart was their belief in one god. This belief would influence the rest of the world for centuries.
know and understand Hammurabi's laws
Hammurabi was a skillful ruler, but he is best remembered for his code of laws. His vast empire contained many different people who all followed different laws. To help unite his empire, Hammurabi took the best existing laws, adding new rules, and then organized them into a clear, written system. The code of laws marked a major stepped forward for civilization. The code helped bring justice to everyday life. It also serves as an important primary source for historians because it offers insight into Babylonian society, including its structures, priorities, problems, and attitude. The code of laws often applies based on a person's social class.
know the significance of the double crown in Egypt
A double crown that combined the white crown of Upper Egypt with the red crown of Lower Egypt symbolized the newly unified country.
know the significance of mummies
Egypt had the most advanced medical practices in the ancient world. Some ancient Egyptian science was so accurate that it formed the foundation of later medical practices in Europe. The Egyptians had developed a detailed understanding of anatomy through mummifying bodies.
know who Moses was
The Hebrew Bible relates that the Israelites endured centuries of suffering before God chose a man named Moses to help them escape from Egypt.
know who saul was
The Israelites realized they needed greater unity and stronger leadership when they were attacked by another people called the Philistines, who lived in the area. The Israelites appointed a king named Saul to rule. In 1020 b.c., Saul defended Israel against the Philistines and other enemies. When Saul died, David was crowned king.
know the major rivers of northern India
The two major rivers of northern India, the Indus and the Ganges, both start in the Himalaya. Like the Tigris and the Euphrates in Mesopotamia, these rivers provide water for irrigation and deposit fertile soil for farming.
know who Mohandas Gandhi was
Mohandas Gandhi's understanding of the Bhagavad Gita inspired his nonviolent protests in the mid- twentieth century against the British rule of India.
know and understand Buddhism
Another major religion, called Buddhism, also began there. Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. According to tradition, Siddhartha was born in 563 B.C. He was a prince who lived a life of luxury in what is now Nepal.
know and understand daoism
He founded a belief system called Daoism, which emphasizes living in harmony with nature and the Dao. Dao means "the Way" and is believed to be the driving force behind everything that exists. Daoists seek order and balance in their lives by merging, or blending, with nature "like drops of water in a stream."
know what the warriors gained from their service
Sparta such intense physical training and endless military drills created strong and obedient soldiers. Athens after a well rounded education, Athenian boys went through two years of military training in preparation for citizenship.
know what the Greeks did to relieve overpopulation
To defend itself, Athens joined forces with the other city states, Including Sparta. In 490 BC, the persians Attacked grease from the east. The resulting wars would let Spartans and Athenians alike. So, they sent people overseas to establish new colonies in places with farmland and valuable raw materials. The rulers wanted to make sure the new colonies would stay populated. Greek city states established hundreds of colonies in the Mediterranean religion and other places too
know how sparta differed from other city states
Spartan government was an unusual blend of rule by Kings elected officials and the ruling class. Two Kong's who shared power rules Sparta. The Spartans unique government helped maintain a balance of power and prevent revolts.
Know why Athens and Sparta were brought together
To defend itself, athens join forces with other city states, including Sparta. In 490 BC, the Persians attacked Greece from the east. The resulting war with test for tens and Athenians a life The resulting war would test Spartans and Athenians alike.
know why the delian league was formed.
To defend them selves from Persia, which still posed a possible threat, Athens and the other city states formed an anti Persian alliance. The delian league, formed and 470 Bc, was based on the island of Delos, where funds were kept fightinf future wars with Persia.
Know what city state started the Peloponnesian league
Know what event ended the truth between Athens and Sparta
Sparta had had enough of Athenian aggression and declared war on Athens. The Peloponnesian War had begun.
Knkw which athenian historian recorded events of the Peloponnesian war
• Thucydides was a Greek historian and general best known for his historical account of the events of the Peloponnesian War
Know how the Macedonian force defeated the Greek army
Philip conquered the lands around Macedonia and seized Greek colonies that were rich in natural resources like gold mines, increasing his wealth. Greek city-states were still weak from the Peloponnesian War and were constantly quarrelling among themselves.
Knkw which athenian historian recorded events of the Peloponnesian war
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