109 terms

Eric Du AP English Final Vocab

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G - Unit 3
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Terms in this set (...)

dissemble
(v.) to disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression
eulogy
(n.) a formal statement of commendation; high praise

SYN: encomium, tribute
ANT: philippic, invective
exhume
(v.) to remove from a grave; to bring to light
feckless
(adj.) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable

SYN: feeble, incompetent, ineffectual
ANT: competent, capable, effective
nefarious
(adj.) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards

SYN: iniquitous, reprehensible
ANT: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious
propinquity
(n.) nearness in place or time; kinship
substantive
(adj.) real, having a solid basis; considerable in number or amount; meaningful and on topic
effigy
a crude image of a despised person
equity
the state or quality of being just, fair or impartial; fair and equal treatment
derelict
someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; left abandoned; neglectful of duty

SYN: vagrant; delinquent
ANT: punctilious, conscientious, scrupulous
intermittent
stopping and beginning again, sporadic
moot
open to discussion and debate, unresolved, to bring up for discussion

SYN: debatable, questionable, broach
ANT: undebatable, indisputable, self-evident
surveillance
a watch kept over a person; careful, close, and disciplined observation
testy
easily irritated; characterized by impatience and exasperation
allay
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

SYN: animalistic, loathsome
ANT: human, clement, virtuous, upright
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

SYN: (v.) protest, object to
ANT: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
allege
(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation
arrant
(adj.) thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
exacerbate
(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
(SYN: intensify, worsen)
(ANT: alleviate, mitigate, ameliorate)
paucity
(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
(SYN: lack)
(ANT: glut, plentitude, deluge)
portend
(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
raze
(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off of or out
saturate
(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
saturnine
(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
chary
(Adj.) extremely cautious, hesitant, or slow (to); reserved, diffident
paltry
(adj.) trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy
paroxysm
(n.) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
tyro
(n.) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
unremitting
(adj.) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless
(SYN: incessant, unrelenting)
(ANT: desultory, intermittent)
askance
(adv.) with suspicion, distrust; with disapproval

syn: distrustfully, suspiciously
forgo
(v.) to do without;to abstain from; to give up
inure
(v.) to toughen, harden; to get used to something by long subjection or exposure
oscillate
(v.) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver

syn: vibrate
rebuff
(v.) to snub; to repel, drive away; (n.) a curt rejection, a check

syn: (v.) repulse, reject; (n.) setback
ant: (v.) accept, welcome
sporadic
(adj.) occurring at irregular intervals; having no set plan or order
Atrophy
(n.) The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) To waste away.
Bastion
(n.) A fortified place, stronghold.
(SYN: citadel, rampart, parapet)
Consummate
(adj.) Complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v.) To bring to a state of completion or perfection.
(SYN: masterful, clinch, conclude)
(ANT: launch, initiate, begin, kick-off)
Disarray
(n.) Disorder, confusion. (v.) To throw into disorder.
(SYN: disorganization, dishevel, mess up)
(ANT: organization, order, tidiness)
Exigency
(n.) Urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency.
Glean
(v.) To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers.
Incarcerate
(v.) To imprison, confine, jail.
Incumbent
(adj.) Obligatory, required. (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of.
Recumbent
(adj.) In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting.
Garner
(v.) To acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use.
(SYN: collect, accumulate, accrue)
(ANT: scatter, squander, waste, dissipate)
Hallow
(v.) To set apart as holy or sacred, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere.
Mundane
(adj.) Earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary.
(SYN: prosaic, humdrum, routine, sublunary)
(ANT: heavenly, spiritual, transcendental)
Overweening
(adj.) Conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate.
Penchant
(n.) A strong attraction or inclination.
(SYN: proclivity, predilection)
(ANT: disinclination, aversion)
Sumptuous
(adj.) Costly, rich, magnificent.
asperity
(n.) roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness; harshness

SYN: rigor, harshness
ANT: mildness, blandness, softness, lenience
cabal
(n.) a small group working in secret; gang
deprecate
(v.) to express mild disapproval; to belittle; deplore; frown upon
ebullient
(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling; exhilarated

SYN: exhilarated, elated
ANT: gloomy, morose, sullen, apathetic, blase
onerous
(adj.) burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty; weighty
sequester
(v.) to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody; segregate
espouse
(v.) to take up and support; to become attached to, adopt; to marry

SYN: embrace, wed
ANT: repudiate, disavow, renounce
impeccable
(adj.) faultless, beyond criticism or blame
laconic
(adj.) concise, using few words

SYN: succinct, pithy, compact
ANT: garrulous, prolix, loquacious
mendacious
(adj.) given to lying or deception; untrue
perfunctory
(adj.) done in a superficial or halfhearted manner; without interest or enthusiasm
plaintive
(adj.) expressive of sorrow or woe, melancholy; sad
tantamount
(adj.) equivalent, having the same meaning, value, or effect; indistinguishable from
aperture
the opening, gap, hole, orifice
improvident
not thrifty, failing to plan ahead
obeisance
a deep bow or other body movement indicating respect or submission, deference, homage
pillory
a device for publicly punishing offenders, a means for exposing one to public contempt or ridicule,
presage
to foreshadow or point to a future event, to predict, a warning or indication of the future

Syn: augur, portend, foretell
progeny
descendants, offspring, children, followers, disciples

Syn: issue, posterity

Ant: ancestors, forebears, antecedents
restive
restless, hard to manage, balky

SYN: uneasy, figety, recalcitrant

ANT: serene, unruffled, docile
accost
(v.) to approach and speak first, to confront in a challenging or aggressive way
animadversion
(n.) a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval

SYN: rebuke, reproof
ANT: praise, compliment
brackish
(adj.) having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
histrionic
(adj.) pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial, melodramatic

SYN: affected, stagy
ANT: muted, untheatrical, subdued
maelstrom
(n.) a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction

SYN: chaos, turbulence, tumult
overt
(adj.) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized
pejorative
(adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
sacrilege
(n.) improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred
suppliant
(adj.) asking humbly and earnestly
(n.) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor
undulate
(v.) to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form

SYN: fluctuate, rise and fall
Arrogate
(v.) To claim or take without right.
(SYN: expropriate, commandeer)
(ANT: renounce, abdicate, abandon)
Banal
(adj.) Hackneyed, trite, commonplace.
Congeal
(v.) To change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid.
Encomium
(n.) A formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute.
(SYN: panegyric, eulogy)
(ANT: condemnation, castigation, criticism)
Eschew
(v.) To avoid, shun, keep away from.
Germane
(adj.) Relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting.
Invidious
(adj.) Offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment.
(SYN: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative)
(ANT: flattering, ameliorative)
Blandishment
(n., often pl.) anything designed to flatter or coax; sweet talk
甜言蜜语
Chicanery
(n.) trickery, deceptive practices or tactics, double-dealing
把戏
ANT: fair dealing
Febrile
(adj.) feverish; pertaining to or marked by fever; frenetic
发烧
Gainsay
(v.) to deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
否认
Imminent
(adj.) about to happen, threatening
即将到来
Innate
(adj.) natural, inborn, inherent; built-in
先天的
SYN: congenital

ANT: learned, acquired, extrinsic, accidental
Loath
(adj.) unwilling, reluctant, disinclined
厌恶
SYN: averse, indisposed

ANT: eager, inclined
Nostrum
(n.) an alleged cure-all; a remedy or scheme of questionable effectiveness
万能药
SYN: elixir
Pariah
(n.) one who is rejected by a social group or organization
贱民
Affront
(NOUN) An open or intentional insult; a slight
(VERB) to insult to one's face; to face in defiance, confront.
冒犯
Captious
(ADJECTIVE) Excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up.
挑刺
Cognizant
(ADJECTIVE) Aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction.
认知
SYN: acquainted
Cynosure
(NOUN) The center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct.
指路物
Desiccated
(ADJECTIVE) Thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting.
变干
Incongruous
(ADJECTIVE) Not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible.
驴唇不对马嘴
Machination
(NOUN) A crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end.
诡计
SYN: plot, maneuver
Mesmerize
(VERB) To hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch.
催眠
reconnaissance
(n.) A survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination.
Penitent
Regretful for one's sins or mistakes