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Terms in this set (18)
Birds of Passage
Temporary migrants who came to the United States to work and save money then returned home to their native countries during slack season. World War I interrupted the practice, trapping thousands of migrant workers in the United States.
A tiny island in New York Harbor with a huge, three-story building that served as a processing center for many immigrants in 1892; would pass through in about a day, crowded halls to pass doctor for inspection, was marked with letters of problems, if failed inspection was sent back to Europe on ships expense.
The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940 50k Chinese immigrants entered through Angel Island. Questioning and conditions at Angel Island were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
The mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called a melting pot.
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's in response to the influx of Irish and German Catholics.
Chinese exclusion Act (1882)
This act prohibited Chinese immigrants from legally coming to US -despite major role Chinese played in constructing RRs and west coast economy -not repealed until 1943.
An informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
Cultural cluster; a cluster of an ethnic population.
Movement between 1915 - 1940 of millions of African Americans to the north in search of work and fair treatment.
A tenement building that narrowed in the middle, forming air shafts on either side and allowed light and air into the rooms where up to 20 people slept.
Great chicago fire
A fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago.
Homestead Act (1862)
Bill passed during Civil War allowing men & women to acquire 160 acres of land (1/4 section) for free, so long as they made improvements & lived their 5 years & paid $30 processing fee.
A name given to African Americans who fled the Southern United States for Kansas in 1879 and 1880.
"kill the indian, and save the man."
The saying to take his culture, background, and everything about his Native American culture and get rid of it, replace it with what is American.
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
A show made by William Frederick Cody which reenacted famous frontier events and life in the west.
The settlers who moved onto the plains around 1860-1890 onto free government given land. They had to learn how to survive with huge amounts of land, little belongings and harsh surroundings. Promised a better life from the Homestead Act.
In 1869 the transcontinental railroad was completed in this city in Utah. The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific were joined here by golden spikes.
Someone who "raked up muck(dirt)" on other politicians, industry and other problems of the cities to expose them to the American public. Most of the time found to be a journalist who exposed corruption and other problems of the late 1800s and early 1900s.
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