Endogenous and exogenous place factors
Refers to the characteristics of the place itself or factors which have originated internally.
Examples of endogenous factors
Location, physical geography, land use, landscape (topography) and social and economic characteristics including population size and employment rates.
Agents of change
Any group of people, who work to impact a place through working there, living or trying to improve the place.
Examples of agents of change
Government, local councils, community groups, individuals, media, TNCs, corporate bodies
Means of communication including television, film, photography, art, newspapers, books, songs etc. these reach or influence people widely
Not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts
The relationship of one place with other places and the external factors which affect this
Examples of exogenous factors
characteristics shaped by shifting flows of people, resources, money and investment. For example, migration and government rules.
The services considered essential to allow and enhance the living conditions of people who live in a place such as communications, transport and services like water pipes and electricity
The reason for a place existing, such as a transport hub, seat of government, an industry like textiles etc.
Historical site functions/factors
Bridging point, wet point site, dry-point site, agriculture, communications, defensive position, trading centres, natural resources
A scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale
The arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area, an endogenous place factor