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Florida Professional Education Test
Terms in this set (157)
goals developed by a teacher, based on state standards which direct student learning
a type of questioning that requires critical thinking, since it allows for students to generate multiple answers to a defined question
a teaching method in which the teacher provides knowledge by directly presenting it to students generally in the format of a lecture
a method of reasoning that requires students to take one or more general statements and then work their way down to a more specific conclusion
a student centered learning approach in which heterogeneously grouped students work cooperatively to accomplish a shared task
a type of question that requires a student to "converge" on one answer. An example of a convergent question is "what is 4+2?" Generally, this type of questioning requires lower-level thinking skills
planning and implementing methods to ensure that the learning environment of the classroom provides an effective venue for learning
students read together, aloud, and in unison with the teacher to practice fluency.
a psychologist who is known for his work in cognitive psychology and the cognitive learning theory
2 halves of the brain, left; controls right side of the body, more academic, logical side of the brain. right; controls left side of the body, artistic, and creative side of the brain.
a classification of learning objectives proposed by Benjamin Bloom in 1956. It is used to classify educational goals. revised; remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating. old; knowledge, comp, application, analysis,synthesis, and evaluation
a word formed from the first initials of a title or phrase
the practice of highlighting important details and main ideas in the text as a component of article reading
the study of words and their meanings
the realization that books have front and back covers, that the words start at the top of the page and progress from left to right, and that as you finish a line of text, you move on to the next line.
how context contributes to the meaning of a word
a visual tool for organizing knowledge
individual educational program
a written document that is developed through a team effort for each public school child who is eligible for special education and reviewed at least once a year
instructional strategies that are tailored to a student's specific learning style
a method of reasoning that requires students to take specific facts and use them to develop a general conclusion
the educational goal of the lesson; specifically, what a teacher wants the students to know at the conclusion of the lesson
the way in which a student recognizes and processes info in the context of an educational setting. the seven learning styles are visual, aural, verbal, physical, logical, social, and solitary
a type of teacher centered direct instruction where the teacher gives info while the students take notes
the way a child prefers to learn
a method where the teachers reads aloud a book above students reading level. may or may not have a copy of the text to follow along. purpose: to demonstrate a skill or ability such as fluency.
defined by Howard Garner; 7 intelligences
students work in pairs, taking turns reading aloud a section of text in order to build fluency skills
the process of designing the method of instruction used to teach a learning objective and the way to assess the mastery of the objective
previously acquired knowledge that applies to the current lesson
a method of student-centered learning where the students work individually or cooperatively to solve a problem
a tool which focuses on imitating the operation of a real world process or system
agreed upon values used to measure the quality of student performance, instructional methods, curriculum, etc.
a change in the way a student learns new materials (IEP)
any assistive, adaptive, and rehab device that one uses to provide accommodations for students with disabilities
Believed learning occurs without direct consequences to one's actions.
using superior strength or social status to intimidate or influence the decisions of another person
bullying that occurs online, primarily on social media sites
a collection of information that is organized and stored on a computer to provide an easy method for accessing data
the unfair treatment of another individual based on race, gender, socioeconomic status, or age
the practice of ignoring an undesired behavior in the hopes that it becomes extinct on its own
motivation through the use of external rewards.
paths that students often travel in the classrooms, such as where they line up to leave the room and the path to frequently used supplies
a work that is personally created by an individual.can be copyrighted.
motivation that comes from an internal source such as self-motivation
a change in the curriculum's learning requirements due to a student's inability to master the required state standards
a method of influencing behavior through removing an adverse stimulant in order to strengthen a behavior
noble-prize winning Russian psychologist known for his work in classical conditioning: relationships between behavior and direct rewards.
anything added in order to cause an increase in behavior
pairs undesirable behaviors with desirable acts and is employed frequently to introduce students to encourage in the formers
punishments decreases the likelihood a behavior is repeated,provided it is not reinforcing in some way, such as, giving a violator status with peers
An american psychologist and behaviorist known for his theory of operant conditioning which states that a behavior is controlled by the consequence that follows it
A behavioral theorist who focused on the law of effect and believed that behaviors which result in favorable consequences are likely to be repeated and behaviors that result in unfavorable are unlikely to be repeated.
the times of switching from one classroom activity to another
the time between when a teacher asks a question and calls on a student
the process students use to reflect on, assess, and judge the assumptions underlying their own and other's ideas and efforts
the process students use to develop ideas that are unique, useful, and worthy of further collaboration
structured learning environments that address the variety of learning styles, interests, and abilities, found within a classroom
timely specific communication provided to students based on growth and development
the ability of a student to develop critical thinking skills which lead to the skill of developing ideas
the process of stating ideas in a precise, concise form
the ability of a student to categorize ideas
the knowledge of one's own thinking processes and strategies and the ability to consciously reflect and act on the knowledge of cognition to modify those processes and strategies
a method of visual note-taking that helps students organize info into unique and personal ways
a focus area for developing critical-thinking skills that emphasizes combining ideas in new ways or coming up with unusual ideas
an instructional strategy which opens up student thinking by using sensory info to stimulate imagination with both spoken and written words.
standardized test designed to efficiently measure the amount of knowledge and or skill person has acquired, usually as a result of classroom instruction
produce work rather than select an answer
rubric scoring that separates the whole into categories of criteria that are examined one at a time
type of informal eval. records observations of student performance and over time they can see patterns of growth
process of observing learning, describing, collecting, recording, scoring, and interpreting info
evaluating by asking for the behavior then learning is intending to produce; ideally mirroring and measuring student performance in a "real-world" context
student performance standards; an actual measurements of group performance against an established standard at defined points along the path toward the standard
learning objective that has 3 main components; condition, behavior, and degree
intended to establish that a student has met the min. standards of skills and is thus eligible for promotion, graduation, etc.
constructive response questions
question that requires students to construct/create something to answer the question rather than choosing from a given list.
determine students progress in master of content area; compared to an expected level rather than to other students.
the degree to which a curriculum's scope matches a testing program's evaluation measures
qualitative and quantitative descriptions of progress towards and alignment of the projected goals.
assessment occurring during the process of a unit/course
testing program whose results have important consequences for students, teachers, schools, and/or districts
single score based on overall assessment rather than scoring dimensions individually
analyzing every item on a test; can help determine test validity or student strengths and weaknesses
students personal records and reactions to various aspects of learning and developing ideas
quantitative description of student learning and qualitative description of student altitude
the knowledge of one's own thinking process and strategies and the ability to consciously reflect and act on the knowledge of cognition to modify those processes and situations.
a distribution of scores obtained from a norm group (midpoint)`
random group of students selected by a test developer to take a test and provide a range of scores
test composed to that of the norm group
test for which the scoring procedure is completely specified enabling agreement among different scorers
an operationally defined educational goal
scale ranging from 1-99 w/ 50 as the middle
standards by which student performance is evaluated
test the ability to apply knowledge in a real-life setting
collection of student work that exhibits direct evidence of the student's achievement and progress
tangible and stable result of a performance or task
graphic complication of the performance of an individual on a series of assessments
break down of percentile rankings in the 4th (0-25, 26-50)
measure of consistency
scoring guides in subjective assessments
scale ranging from 001-999. good for comparing performance in 1 subject across classes, schools, and districts
rules for assigning a score
objective test that is given and scored in an uniform manner and carefully constructed
in which the impression or opinion of the assessor determines the score or evaluation of performance
evaluation at the end of a unit
the degree to which a test measures the desired performance and appropriate inferences can be drawn from the results
a reflective process of researching instructional methods based on student scores and the teachers observations
code of ethics
the set of standards that apply to ethical decision-making within the field of education in the state of Florida
the statistical association between 2 or more variables that used to determine the relationship between the variables
independent variables is manipulated and its efforts on other variables is measured
individual needs assessment
educator identifies individual professional learning goals
principles of professional conduct
outline the appropriate conduct, parameters, and repercussions for educators in the state of Florida.
professional learning communities
group of educators who act as reflective practitioners, analyzing student data in order to improve instructional methods
research that is based on un-measurable qualities such as observations
based on measurable data like test scores
educator who reflects on instructional practices and self-evaluates the effectiveness of the instruction being provided
school advisory council
group composed on principal, elected students, teachers, parents, and community members who develop the annual school improvement plan.
school improvement plan
plan to improve school in a specific area; such as math scores
school needs assessment
school identifies professional learning needs through classroom-by classroom analysis
simple descriptive research
data is collected to describe persons, organizations, settings, or phenomena.
documentation that outlines the privacy rights of publishers
florida abuse hotline
the communication tool utilizes by educators to report suspected abuse
office of professional practice services
department which provides follow-up and accountability for educators based on the code of ethics and principles of professional conduct
term which focuses on the responsibility of an educator to alert public authorities of an arrest
2 ways to learn a language: steadily absorb it or intentionally study it
affective filter hypotheses
emotional factors affect the ability to learn another language. dealing with anxiety in a classroom can prevent learning
basic interpersonal communication skills
vocab student uses to carry on social conversations
words from different languages that have the same meaning and similar pronunciations and spelling
dual immersion programs
students learning English are placed with students who are fluent in English
home language survey
initial questionnaires given to ALL incoming Florida students
belief that in order to challenge a student, the teacher needs to give them work slightly above their ability
Educational theorist known for his social cultural theory that stresses the importance of social interactions on learning.
limited English proficiency
non-native English speakers
ESOL program--> non-English working with English speakers
if grammatical rules are learned, written and spoken will follow
educational approach that focuses on: content integration, knowledge construction, equity pedagogy, prejudice reduction and empowerment of school culture
language spoken regularly at home
the practice of providing sufficient assistance to a student in order to facilitate learning
sheltered english approach
program for ELL where classes only include LEP students ; instruction is still in English
stages of 2nd language acquistion
stages in which a second language is acquired. stages are pre-production, early production, speech emergent, and intermediate fluency
Educational activist who is famous for his contributions to the field of second language acquisition, bilingual education, and reading
the practice of submerging an English language learner in a mainstream classroom with no teacher support. Sink or swim approach
total physical response
a technique that pains repetitive physical movement with vocab
a subset of phonological awareness. a child with phonemic awareness can hear, identify, and manipulate phonemes.
the smallest units of sound, which one blended to create words
the beginning sound in a word
the ability to read with precision, speed, and the proper pronunciation.
turning messages into symbols which could include something as simple as translating spoken language into text or as advanced as converting math word problems into an equation
the literal meaning of a word
a component of fluency that requires students to convert letters into words
the implied meaning of a word based on its content
a component of fluency that requires students to blend together phonemes, the smallest units of sound, to form words
the ability to see a word, decode it, and automatically understand its meaning
graphophonemic awareness; refers to the fact that each individual sound has a graphical representation of individual letters or letter blends
whole language approach
a method of language instruction that is integrated in which listening, speaking, reading, and writing are used along with other instructional strategies to build proficiency.
the idea that students from the same cultural background may share common knowledge with each other. this knowledge would be unknown to students from other cultures
adolescent literacy support framework
a literacy structure focused on motivation, literacy strategies, "across the curriculum" and organizational support