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22 terms

Ch. 4 Mental Disorders and Suicide

Health terms associated with Chapter 4 Mental Disorders and Suicide.
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mental disorder
an illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others
anxiety
fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn't pose as much threat as you think
anxiety disorder
when anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living
phobia
anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object
obsession
an unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind
compulsion
an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome
mood disorder
experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives
depression
An emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless.
schizophrenia
A disorder characterized by severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior
personality disorder
display rigid patterns of behavior that make it difficult for them to get along with others.
eating disorder
A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder involving a pattern of self-starvation that results in an unhealthy and potentially dangerous low body weight
bulimia
An eating disorder in which a person has uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging.
binge eating disorder
regularly have an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food
clinical depression
may feel sad and hopeless for months
cutting
the use of a sharp object to intentionally cut or scratch one's body deep enough to bleed
cluster suicides
A series of suicides that occur within a short period of time in the same peer group or community.
psychiatrist
A physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders
neurologist
a physician who treats physical disorders of the nervous system
clinical psychologist
trained to recognize and treat behavior that is not normal
psychiatric social worker
A mental health professional who helps people with mental disorders and their families to accept and adjust to an illness.
suicide
Intentional killing of oneself.