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functions of the bone
support- forms an internal framework; protection- protect the soft organs; movement- attached to bones and tendons, use the bones as levers to move the body and its parts; storage- sores fats and other minerals and nutrients; blood cell formation- hematopiesis occurs within the marrow cavities
long and wide, have shaft with heads at both ends, mostly compact bone; limbs, wrist, ankle
thin, flattened, curved, compact bone with spongey bone in the middle; skull, ribs, sternum
perforating/ Sharpey's fibers
secure the periosteum to the underlying bone, hundreds of connective tissue fibers
covers external surfaces, glassy hyaline cartilage, provides smooth surfaces that decrease friction at joint surfaces
hyaline cartlage seen in growing bone, cause the lengthwise growth of long bone, when bone is fully grown the plate is replaced by bone
the cavity of an infant shaft that forms blood cells; adults is confined to cavities of spongy
process of bone formation- 1.hyaline cartilage is covered with bone matrix by bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) 2. hyaline cartilage is digested away
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