30 terms

Semester Final Review-Political Science

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Locke
believed that governments were in place to safeguard the natural rights of people
Hobbes
Government is necessary to protect the people. You must give up rights to be protected.
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
Dictatorship
government in which one person or a small group holds complete authority
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with free and frequent elections.
Confederal
Type of government where the central government gets it power from the states.
Presidential System
A government that vests power in a separately elected president and legislature.
Elastic Clause
A clause that allows Congress to stretch the use of its powers.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Congress was authorized to do whatever it needed to to carry out its enumerated powers
Supremacy Clause
Constitution is the supreme law of the land
Concurrent Powers
Powers shared by the national and state governments
Commander-in-Chief
All of the nation's armed forces/military are under the control of the President.
Constituents
the people who are represented by elected officials
Bi-Cameral
Two house legislature
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
Vice President's Duties
votes in case of a tie
Ratify and Confirm
power of the Senate to approve treaties and appointments by the president
Power of the Purse
power that allows the House of Representatives to fund all government
Bills of Attainder
laws under which specific persons or groups are detained and sentenced without trial
Extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
Supreme Law of the Land
The U.S. Constitution
Criminal Law
group of laws that defines and sets punishments for offenses against society
Civil Law
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights.
Judicial Review
The Supreme Court's power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional as decided by the case of Marbury v Madison
Clear and Present Danger
a rebellion, invasion or emergency that would result in your loss of basic rights
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and Balances
the system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others
Impeachment
Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representatives and tried in the Senate
Due process
elements of receiving a fair trial such as a trial by a neutral jury
Census
A population count taken every 10 years
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