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Miller/Steadman Final Exam Study Guide 2018
Study Guide by: Jessica A, Kyle H, Alvaro S, Annabelle S, and Matthew V
Terms in this set (46)
ukraine to mongolia
Which countries in North and Central Eurasia have a steppe climate?
Currently, the Central Eurasian countries export oil to which country?
What country ruled North and Central Eurasia for most of the twentieth century?
Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia
What countries make up the region of North and Central Eurasia?
What crop was grown in Uzbekistan during Soviet occupation that caused the Aral Sea to shrink due to diverting the water for irrigation?
kingdom, socialist, republic, and oligarchy
What type of governments has Russia had since the 1800's?
Desert and Tropical Savanna/monsoon
What are Africa's two largest biomes?
Insulation is the amount of incoming solar radiation. Solar radiation is energy from the sun that reaches earth. The amount of insolation varies by latitude and season. It is received in countries along the equator.
What insolation and where is it received directly throughout the year?
Maps where areas are shaded around to quantity. "Choro" means area and "pleth" refers to quantity.
What is a choropleth map?
Apartheid is an aggressive approach to racial segregation and official state policy from 1948 to 1990. It established democracy in South Africa.
What is apartheid and where was it enforced in Africa?
the use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries
What is neocolonialism?
Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Chad; Comoros; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guiana; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Lesotho; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; São Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Swaziland; Togo; Uganda; United Republic of Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe
What countries are in the region of Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sudan and Ethiopia; Lake Tana, Ethiopia
Which countries does the Blue Nile flow through? Where is its source?
Sahelian Countries (Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan)
Where is the most cotton grown in Africa?
Lake No; Sudan, Uganda
Where is the source of the White Nile and what countries does it flow through?
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen, Iraq, Iran, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,Syria, and Afghanistan
What are the countries that make up Southwest Asia?
The Nile, the Tigris, and the Euphrates rivers
What rivers are responsible for most of the agriculture in Southwest Asia and North Africa?
A system of using gravity to bring water into a town or agricultural area
What is a qanat?
Central market place, mosque, citadels, and public baths
What are characteristics of an Islamic city?
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
What religions are collectively called the Abrahamic faiths?
The history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. This conflict came from the inter communal violence in Mandatory Palestine between Israelis and Arabs from 1920 and erupted into full-scale hostilities in the 1947-1948 civil war. (They fought over the sacred space of Jerusalem)
List the major events that led to the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians.
The Arab Spring, also referred to as Arab Revolutions, was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions. The movement began in Tunisia and then diffused to Egypt and eventually Libya.
What is the Arab Spring and which countries were affected by it?
A portion of a continent that was once separated and merged through continental drift
What is a subcontinent?
the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and the Indus
What are the primary river systems of South Asia?
India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives
What countries make up the region of South Asia?
a low pressure system that grows over a warm ocean. They cause flooding, which is stronger on the coast and lower elevations. Poorer areas are more vulnerable to damage caused by the disaster. Historically in 1991, a cyclone hit Bangladesh. It killed more women and girls because of the religious eating policies. Women and girls typically had higher famine rates, making them more susceptible to injury.
What is a cyclone and what does it cause in South Asia?
Hinduism, which began on the Indus River around 4000 BCE and Buddhism, which began on the Ganges around 500 BCE.
What two major world religions are found in South Asia?
Bhutan measures gross national happiness (GNH). They continue Mahayana Buddhist traditions and have tight controls over tourism. All government policies are rated on whether it promotes growth in the national happiness.
What is gross national happiness? What country measures this instead of GNP?
STPI stands for Software Technology Parks of India. They are located in 40 designated urban areas. Economic activity in STPIs grew quickly in the 1990's. They helped companies avoid the Y2K disaster. Growth of STPIs marks the beginning of the outsourcing era.
What are STPIs?
Outsourcing in India has created multiple jobs in the information technology industry (IT). In the 1980s, the government set a goal to establish a export-oriented computer and software industry. In the 1990s the central government invested in IT. They then established economic incentives for IT firms to use the STPIs. Many Indians have college degrees and strong English skills, making them more educated in computer software.
What factors enabled India to become a global leader in computer technology and consultancy?
Pakistan's borders are arbitrary. When the Radcliffe Line was created by the British, it divided the Punjab and separated the Sikh cities of Lahore and Amritsar. The conflict is over the status of the states of Jammu and Kashmir.
What is the conflict between India and Pakistan over?
The Malay Peninsula (mainland) consists of Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Myanmar, Thailand, Borneo, and Singapore. The islands of Southeast Asia consist of the countries, Brunei, Borneo, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and East Timor.
What are the countries that make up Southeast Asia? Which are in the mainland region? Island region?
A terrace is made when farmers carved mini hills into flat areas in order to capture rainfall. Farmers built terraces in order to create and maintain a highly productive agricultural system that fed large populations. This method of maintaining terraces led to larger populations being able to survive.
Why do farmers build terraces?
A tropical storm in the Pacific Ocean similar to a hurricane that does not occur within about 5 degrees north or south of the equator.
What is a typhoon?
A tsunami is a long high sea wave caused by an earthquake, submarine landslide, or other disturbance.
What is a tsunami?
The Pacific Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean where plate boundaries meet and where 81 percent of the world's earthquakes take place
What is the Pacific Ring of Fire?
What are the equatorial winds that lack movement?
Geographers used satellite images taken before, during, and after the tsunami to assess the damage, estimate the size of the waves, and help guide humanitarian and rebuilding efforts.
How were satellite images used after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004?
What illegal drug is a major part of the informal economy in Southeast Asia?
The Huang He river is also called the Yellow River because of the wind blown sediment, or loess, turning the river to a yellowish color
Why is the Huang He River also called the Yellow River?
Pacific Ocean in the East and the Himalayas in they West
What major physical features affect the climate of East Asia?
Japan; TFRs dropped below the replacement level and so the entire countries population is dropping.
What country in East Asia is experiencing population decline?
Permanent: occurs when migrants leave their homes and moved to a different region (typically urban) and then permanently change their hukou to their new location
Temporary: occurs when migrants leave their hukou to their new location
Identify and describe the two tracts of internal migration in China.
An imaginary line of Earth's surface defining the boundary between one day and the next
What is the International Date Line?
-High islands (volcanoes or limestone cliffs) receive more rainfall because they create an orographic effect (occurs when air lifts over a mountain and cools)
-the cooling air reaches its dew point and precipitation densely vegetated, even rainforest land over
-on the leeward side, which is protected from the wind, dry, warming, air descends and creates an arid to semiarid climate
-low islands do not create a lifting effect; so, they do not experience orographic precipitation. On low islands, precipitation falls when storms come off the ocean
Why do high islands receive more rainfall than low islands?
-Micronesia- small islands (atolls), more north, closer to Asia
-Melanesia- larger islands, like New Guinea, close to Australia
-Polynesia- diverse, bigger geographically, further west close to US (Hawaii), more tourism
What are the major regions of the Pacific and physical and human characteristics of the Pacific region?
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