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ancient greece

STUDY
PLAY
rhetoric
the art of speaking properly
acropolis
hilltop city in ancient Greece "a high city"
Monarchy
government headed by a king or queen
comedy
humerous plays; ridicule people, ideas, or custom
epic
a long narrative poem of a hero
democracy
government by the citizens; started in Athens
tragedy
drama with suffering of a major character
polis
a greek city state
ode
a poem written to honor a special person
helot
spartan slave
phalanx
a massive formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
fresco
wall paintings made with wet plaster
lyric
a poem sung by a musician with musical instrument
ostracism
temporary exile of a citizen from a city-state
peloponnesus
southern half of greece
delian league
defense alliance of greek city states led by athens
mount olympus
highest mountain in greece and home to the greek dieites
alexandria
center of the Hellenistic culture
olympia
were the olympics were held
marathon
battle where the greeds defeated persian empire
peloponnesian league
defense alliance headed by sparta; athens was not invited and did not attend