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Chapter 12: Personality
Terms in this set (45)
the sum total of the typical ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that makes each person different from other people
relatively enduring patterns of behavior (thinking, acting and feeling) that are relatively consistent across situations
Frued's theory that the origin of personality lies in the balance among the id, the ego, and the superego.
the portion of the mind of which one is presently awake
the portion of the mind containing information that is not presently conscious but can be easily brought into consciousness
the part of the mind of which we can never be directly aware; the storehouse of primitive instinctual motives and of memories and emotions that have been repressed
Sigmund Frued's theory that unpleasant information is often pushed into unconsciousness without our being aware of it
according to freud, the inborn part of the unconscious mind that uses the primary process to satisfy its needs and that acts according to the pleasure principle
According to Freud, the attempt of the id to seek immediate pleasure and avoid pain, regardless of how harmful it might be to others.
primary process thinking
According to frued, the attempt by the id to satisfy its needs by forming a wish-fulfilling mental image of the desired object.
according to freud, that part of the mind that uses the reality principle to satisfy the id.
according to Freud, the attempt by the ego to find safe, realistic ways of meeting the needs of the id.
according to Freud, that part of the mind that opposes the desires of the id by enforcing moral restrictions and by striving to attain perfection.
according to Freud, the moral inhibitions of the superego.
according to Freud, the standard of perfect conduct of the superego.
According to Freud, a form of displacement in which a socially desirable goal is substituted for a socially harmful goal; the best form of displacement for society as a whole.
the tendency to base one's identify and actions on individuals who are successful in gaining satisfaction in life
in the personality theory of Sigmund Freud, developmental periods during which the sexual energy of the id finds different sources of satisfaction
According to Freud, the first psychosexual stage (from birth to 1 year), in which the id gratification is focused on the mouth
oral dependent personality
personality type in which the person seeks pleasure through overeating, smoking and other oral means.
oral aggressive personality
A personality type in which the person seeks pleasure by being verbally hostile to others.
According to Freud, the second psychosexual stage (from 1 to 3 years) in which gratification is focuses on the anus
A personality type based on anal fixation, in which the person is stingy, obstinate, stubborn and compulsive
A personality type based on anal fixation in which the person is cruel, pushy, messy, and disorderly
According to Freud, the third psychosexual stage (from 3 to 6 years) in which gratification is focused on the genitals
According to Freud, the unconscious wish of all male children to kill their fathers and sexually possess their mothers.
According to Freud, the fear of a a young boy that his father will punish his sexual desire for his mother by removing his genitals
According to Freud, the transfer of a young girl's sexual desires from her mother to her father after she discovers she has no penis
According to Freud, the desire of a girl to possess a penis.
Personality type caused by fixation in the phallic stage in which the person is selfish, impulsive, and lacking in genuine feeling for others.
According to Freud, the fourth psychosexual stage (from about 6 to 11 years), during which sexual energy is sublimated and converted into socially valued activities
According to Freud, the psychosexual stage (from 11 years through adulthood) in which sexual and romantic interest directed towards one's peers.
According to Jung, the tendency of some individuals to be friendly and open to the world
According to Jung, the tendency of some individuals to be shy and to focus their attention on themselves.
social learning theory
the viewpoint that the most important parts of our behavior are learned from other persons in society, - family, friends, and culture
Bandura's observation that the individual's behavior and the social learning environment continually influence one another.
the view that behavior is not consistent, but is strongly influenced by different situations
the psychological view that human beings possess an innate tendency to improve and to determine their lives through the decisions they make.
A force that humanists believe all people possess that internally leads them to grow and improve.
our subjective perception of who we are and what we are like.
according to humanists, the person on thinks one is
according to humanists, the person one wishes one were.
a subjective method of personality assessment that involves questioning techniques designed to reveal the personality of a client
Methods of personality assessment that involve watching a person's actual behavior in a natural or stimulated situation.
a test that uses ambiguous stimuli designed to reveal the contents of the client's unconscious mind.
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