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22 terms

Muscular Diseases

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Bursitis
inflammation of the sac around a joint
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
swelling of the tendon in the wrist, causing pressure on the median nerve
cramps
contraction of one or more muscles
ganglion cyst
tumors developing on a tendon (sometimes on back of wrist)
hernia
protrusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity which normally contains it
muscular dystrophy
muscular weakness; nerve impulse fails to induce normal muscle contractions
myastenia gravis
condition of no strength in the muscle; neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating muscle weakness; autoimmune disease
myoma
a muscle tumor
myositis
inflammation of muscle tissue
poliomyelitis
inflammation of gray matter in the spinal cord which may or may not cause paralysis
shin splints
injury to the tibial muscle; pain on the anterior of leg
tendinitis
inflammation of the lining and enclosed tendon
tenosynovitis
inflammation of any tendon sheath
torticollis
stiff neck caused by contraction of the neck muscles
electromyography
a record of the contraction of a muscle as a result of electrical stimulation
fibromyalgia
a disorder of pain; tenderness and stiffness in joint capsule of muscle, tendons, and soft tissue
fibrosis
abnormal formation of fibrous tissue (a scar)
hypothermia
a condition in which the body temperature drops below normal
myalgia
pain in the muscle
myotomy
division or dissection of muscles
pseudohypertrophy
"false muscle growth" caused by certain diseases
rigor mortis
stiffness due to death