Global 1 India Key Terms
Terms in this set (76)
A river of South Asia that flows southeast from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal.
A river that flows from Tibet, through the Himalayas and Hindu Kush into the Arabian Sea.
A mountain range Northwest of the Indus River; Aryans migrated through them
The mountain range that forms the northern boundary of India
a plateau that extends from the Ganges Valley to the southern tip of India
seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Indo-European tribes who moved in slow waves into India in about 1750 B.C.
immigrants who arrived at the Ganges river valley by the year 1000 BC
Collections of hymns, songs, prayers, and rituals honoring the barious gods of the Aryans.
written language developed by the Aryans
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.
The Hindu warrior caste.
peasants & traders in Hindu society; 3rd level of caste system
The lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers
An Indian prince
sub castes; were groups of people within each caste that worked together for one economic function
Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are reborn into new bodies over and over.
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
the fulfillment of one's social and religious duties in Hinduism
a method of training developed by the Hindus that is supposed to lead to oneness with God
A single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
A book in popular Hinduism that was a response to Buddhism and made reaching moksha way easier. (Mahabharata)
a great Indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India
A Hindu epic written in Sanskrit that describes the adventures of the king Rama and his queen (good vs evil)
A religion native to India, featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.
Those considered to be outside of society, includes the Untouchables
lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha.
The prince who is said to have founded Buddhism.
Four Noble Truths
as taught by the Buddha, the four basic beliefs that form the foundation of Buddhism
a dome-shaped structure erected as a Buddhist shrine.
the Hindu custom of cremating a widow on her husband's funeral pyre
A form of polygamy in which a man may have more than one wife at the same time.
Injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help him or her build up defenses to a disease
The state of englightenment for Buddhists. A condition of great peace or happiness
Buddhist worthy of nirvana who postpones it to help others. A person who is dedicated to liberating others from suffering
a ruler of the Mauryan Empire who converted to Buddhism
founder of the Mauryan Empire
First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya
written numbers that use a combination of the whole numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9
A beautiful tomb built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan to honor his wife.
Barbur's grandson, real architect of the Mughal empire
brilliant general who laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire
Mongol leader who conquered Persia and Mesopotamia
Hindu ritual for burning widows with their deceased husbands
Inaugurated India's "golden age"
A ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
Great Revolt of 1857
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India between 1857-58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism.
An Indian soldier serving under British command.
In 1835, special taxes were imposed on Indian salt to facilitate its import.
Empress of India
Indian National Congress
Indian nationalist group formed to work for rights and power for Indians under British rule.
organization formed by muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British Rule.
Indian Civil Service
The elite professional class of officials who administered the government of British India.
Substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived
killing by British troops of nearly 400 Indians gathered at Amritsar to protest the Rowlatt Acts
Nonviolent religious group that became the enemy of the Mughals
A 1916 alliance between the Hindus leading the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League.
laws that allowed the government to jail protesters without a trial for up to 2 years
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Leader of the Muslim League and first president of Pakistan.
The Indian leader who used nonviolent methods to seek independence from Great Britain.
name meaning "great soul"; given to Gandhi by his numerous followers
son of Indira, Prime Minister of India, assassinated
Daughter of Nehru that was elected prime minister by the Congress party
First prime minister of India
literally means "truth force," it was Gandhi's name for his non-violent resistance
small island east of the coast of India
region that lay in Northern India next to Pakistan; fought over by Muslims and Hindus