The Fourteenth Amendment attempted to guarantee which of the following to former slaves?
The provision of the fourteenth amendment that prohibits any state from denying "any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws" is known as the
Equal protection clause.
In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, The SUpreme Court determined that --- were unconstitutional.
What did the Supreme Court determine was unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education?
Segregation of schools.
The Reverand Martin Luther King Jr. insisted that civil disobedience aimed at ending discrimination in the South should be conducted...
What provision of the Fourteenth amendment serves as a cornerstone of our understanding of civil rights?
The equal protection clause.
What strategy did the NAACP use most effectively to advance civil rights for African Americans?
Which of the following is an accurate statement about the "Don't Ask, Don't tell" policy?
It required gay and lesbian soldiers to keep quiet about their sexual orientation.
A law that classified people according to --- would be given strict scrutiny by the SUpreme Court to determine its constitutionality.
What was the main purpose for the March on Washington?
To urge Congress to adopt an antidiscrmination legislative agenda.
If a group of people had been systematically discriminated against in the past, a government might adopt which of the following policies to help members of this group overcome the legacy of this discrimination?
A college admissions policy that gives preferential treatment to members of the group.
Which of the following accomodations would an employer most likely have to make in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act?
Installing a ramp and other physical accomodations for someone who uses a wheel chair.
Which of the following strategies for expanding civil rights would the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. have been most likely to support?
Boycotting stores that enforced segregationist policies.
If you thought you were getting an inferior public education because of your ethnicity, which part of the Constitution would you rely on most heavily to justify your case?
The fourteenth amendment.
Why did Congress pass the Voting RIghts Act of 1965?
Because it was clear that the South had no intention of living up to the spirit of the FIfteenth amendment.
What was the SUpreme Court's justification for overturning the seperate-but equal doctrine?
Segregated schools stigmatize minority children and are inherently unqeual.
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court first claim the right of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
For a case to be hard in the Supreme Court, a minimum of how many justices must vote to hear the case?
Following oral arguments, the justices gather for a---, during which they discuss the case and cast preliminary votes.
Which type of case concerns the violation of the legal rights of one individual toward another?
Which of the following is the authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the issues in a particular case?
What it he name given to the power of the courts to interpret, and overturn, the actions of the executive and legislative branches?
The ruling in which of the following cases struck down state-mandated segregation in public schools?
Brown v. Board of Education
Proponents of which of the following believe that judges should use their power broadly to further justice.
Which of the following is within the original jurisdiction of the SUpreme COurt?
Controversies between the states.
In court rulings, realiance on past decisions to formulate decisions in new cases is known as which of the following?
If a judge believes that she should only strike down laws that clearly violate the Constitution, she likely believes in which of the following?
Which U.S. Supreme COurt case found that a woman's right to have an abortion is protected by the implied constitutional right to privacy?
Roe v. Wade
Selective incorporation makes the protections from the Bill of RIghts applicable to the states through which of the following amendments?
Article I of the Constitution prohibits which of the following, which makes an act punishable as a crime even if the act was legal when it was committed?
Ex post facto laws.
Today, the United States is the only western country to use which of the following to punish crime?
According to Justice Blackmun, a woman had which type of right to an abortion in her first trimester?
An absolute right.
The doctrine of prior restraint prevents the government from prohibiting speech or publication---
Before the fact.
The surpreme court has ruled that states can limit abortions of the regulations do not pose which of the following?
An undue burden.
The Supreme Court briefly outlawed which of the following in the 1970's by asserting that if it was being imposed in an arbtritary manner?
What kind of speech is by its very utterance intended to inflict injury or incite an immediate breach of peace?
In matters of religion, the free exercise clause protects individuals from which of the following?
The "right to remain silent" is a citizen's protection against which of the following?
If a police officer has a reasonable belief that someone is commiting or about to commit a crime, that officer can sto and frisk the suspect without
In recent years, the Surpeme Court has struggled to address ---- on the Internet in a First Amentment context.
Which of the following is responsible for determining whether enough evidence exists to support a conviction against a criminal defendant?
Which of the following rights has the surpeme ocurt found to be one of the penumbra of unstated liberties linked to explicitly stated rights?
Right to privacy.
What was the basis for the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) that upheld the constitutionality of a state law requiring segregated railroad facilities?
The constitution does not prohibit segregation, it only mandates equal protection under the law.