The study of life's history as revealed in the preserved remains of once-living plants and organisms
Test to see whether or not the document is Internally consistent, or does it contradict itself
The benefit of the doubt is to be given to the document itself, not assigned by the critic to himself
A historical test that attempts to determine whether or not the version of the document that exists is a faithful representation of the original
The age of an artifact as determined by a date printed on it or a reference to the artifact in a work of history
Ages determined by Dendrochronology...
Ages determined by dendrochronology are upper limits for the age of an artifact.
The calculated age of an artifact from a specific dating method that is used to determine when the artifact was made.
Principle of Superposition
When artifacts are found in rock or earth that is layered, the deeper layers hold the older artifacts.