Barron's ASVAB flash cards by Terry L. Duran 4/9 subjects 15/400 cards #'s 256-270
Terms in this set (15)
Because the temperature of ocean water changes more slowly than the temperature of air, oceans affect the world's climate. As ocean water moves past landmasses, it affects the climate by warming the air in winter and cooling it in summer.
The key idea in this paragraph is that
(A) ocean water moves past landmasses
(B) ocean water cools the air in winter
(C) ocean water warms landmasses in summer
(D) the world's climate is affected by the temperature of the oceans
The 36th Infantry Division, originally nicknamed the "Panther Division," was formed in 1917 from Texas and Oklahoma National Guard units. Divisional shoulder patches began to be authorized in 1918 (toward the end of World War I), the first being the 81st Infantry Division's "Wildcat" patch. The 36th Division adopted a design that featured an olive-drab "T" on a shape blue arrowhead. The "T" stood for Texas and the arrowhead shape for Oklahoma, which had been an Indian territory from the early 1800s until 1907.
The passage is mostly about
(A) The history of Oklahoma as an Indian territory until 1907
(B) The origin and meaning of the 36th Infantry Division's shoulder patch
(C) the Oklahoma and Texas National Guard's service in World War I
(D) The 81st Infantry Division's shoulder patch
During the later years of the American Revolution, the Articles of Confederation government was formed. This government suffered severely from lack of power. Each state distrusted the others and gave little authority to the central, or federal, government. The Articles of Confederation produced a government that could not raise money from taxes, prevent Indian raids, or force the British out of the United States.
The topic sentence (the one that best sums up the entire idea) in this passage is
(A) the first sentence
(B) the second sentence
(C) the third sentence
(D) the fourth sentence
The airplane landed at 6PM. As the first passengers came into the terminal, the crowd burst into the ebb and flow or a sound tsunami. The waiting mob surged against police guard lines. Grown women were screaming. Teenaged girls were yelling for autographs or souvenirs. The visitor--a role model to many of them--smiled and waved at her fans.
Who is arriving at the airport?
(A) The police
(B) Teenagers yelling for souvenirs
(C) A celebrity
(D) Screaming women
Family camping has been described as the "biggest single growth industry in the booming travel and leisure market." Camping ranges from backpacking to living in motor homes with complete creature comforts. It is both an end in itself and a magic carpet to a wide variety of other forms of outdoor recreation.
The author of this passage believes that the least luxurious form of camping is
(A) Travel and leisure
(C) Survival weekends
(D) Living in motor homes
In 1801, the British 28th Regiment fought a battle in Egypt against French troops that resulted in a unique distinction. Attacked from both the front and rear, the 28th fired a volley to the front, turned and fired at the French calvalry charging from the rear, then turned back and resumed firing to the front. The 28th was later authorized to wear a Sphinx insignia on the back of their caps and March 21st has since been known as Back Badge Day.
What is the main idea of this passage?
(A) The historical significance of uniform insignia in the British Army
(B) The defeat of the French by the British forces at the Battle of Alexandria
(C) Why a British Army unit wears a special insignia on the back of their headgear
(D) why March 28th is known as Back Badge Day
The "zero tolerance on fighting" policy instituted by some schools sounds great at first, but it lets administration avoid tough decisions and teaches kids the wrong lessons. It is morally wrong to teach our kids that the attacked person is as much in the wrong as the attacker. The correct solution is balanced, principal judgment by administrators, backed up by a determination to tell parents the truth. Parents also must recognize that their little angel may not be perfect.
The author of this passage believes that
(A) "Zero tolerance on fighting" sounds great
(B) Zero tolerance policies call for sound judgment by district law enforcement
(C) Parents should sue school personnel who tell them something they don't want to hear
(D) The student who defends himself should be treated differently than the attacker
An expanding government role in the business world extinguishes opportunity and dries up the spirit of liberty and progress. No one group or monopoly should dominate--we benefit from the robust balance between individual rights and the good of society. Our country has become the land of opportunity not just because of the wealth of resources and industry, but because of our freedom and individual initiative, responsibility, and hard work.
According to this passage
(A) Government's role in business is to make people work hard
(B) Government's role in business should be minimized to preserve liberty
(C) Business' role in government should be monopolized
(D) Government's role in business should be maximized to preserve freedom
No modern athlete has shown a greater talent than Babe Ruth for projecting multiple images of brute power, uninhibited manhood, and the realization of the ultimate American success story. Ruth was living proof that the solitary individual could still rise from lowly beginnings to fame and fortune, to a position of public recognition equaled by few men in American history. His mighty home runs represented a dramatic finality, a complete clearing of the bases with one mighty swat.
According to this passage, the reader can infer that Babe Ruth's childhood was
(A) Uninhibited, upper-economic class
(B) Publicly recognized, middle-economic class
(C) Poor, lower-economic class
(D) Focused on teamwork
Modernism's great ambition was to democratize design. Throughout the history of modern design, excellence has bloomed when budgets were tight. In lean times, good design at an affordable price will come out ahead or high-priced trends that will be outdated before you get that artsy piece home to show if off.
The passage says that, in lean times,
(A) High-priced trends will democratize design
(B) Good design at an affordable result in good design
(C) Blooming budgets result in good design
(D) Modern design will be more affordable than high-priced items.
Whenever you are asked to determine a passage's main idea, look first at the opening and closing sentences of each paragraph. Writers often provide readers with a "topic sentence" that expresses a paragraph's main idea succinctly. Although a topic sentence may appear anywhere in the paragraph, it is very often the first or last sentence.
A topic sentence succinctly expresses
(A) How the author ultimately feels about the topic
(B) The paragraph's main idea
(C) How the author wants the reader to feel
(D) The author's frustration from multiple rewrites
The fuselage (body) of the airplane contains the cockpit and either the cabin or a cargo area. The two general types of fuselage construction are truss and monocoque. Truss designs use steel or aluminum tubing in a series of triangular shapes or trusses to get the needed strength and rigidity. Monocoque designs use bulkheads, stringers (running the length of the fuselage), and formers (perpendicular to the stringers) to support an outer skin
The main idea in this passage is that
(A) The fuselage is that most important part of the airplane
(B) The two types of fuselage construction are truss and monocoque
(C) Airplane design and construction are complicated fields
(D) Monocoque designs use formers running the length of the fuselage.
If we accept the premise that human rights are granted by government, then we must be willing to accept the corollary that they can be denied by government. Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws. On the contrary, it is the fact that life, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place.
In this passage, the word corollary is used to mean
(A) A political statement
(B) A firm belief
(C) A legally binding opinion of a judge
(D) An idea that follows naturally
A thing's value is different for each individual, and has two factors: what you can do with it (its use) and what you must do to get it (its cost). Nothing of value is free. Even the breath of life is purchased at birth only through gasping effort and pain. The best things in life are not free--they are beyond money. Their price is agony and sweat and devotion. The price demanded for the most precious things in life is life itself--ultimate cost for perfect value.
The key idea in this paragraph is that
(A) The value of a thing is different for each individual
(B) The best things in life can only be purchased with effort and sacrifice
(C) Childbirth is painful for both mother and child
(D) Value has two factors, use and cost
"War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things. The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth war is much worse. The person who has nothing for which he is willing to fight, nothing which is more important than his own personal safety, is a miserable creature and has no chance of being free unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself." - John Stuart Mill, 1806-1873
The key idea in this paragraph is that
(A) War is terrible and should be avoided at all costs
(B) People who are concerned with their personal safety are miserable creatures
(C) Those who are unwilling to fight for their freedom will lose it
(D) It is unpatriotic to be concerned about your personal safety