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15 terms

cell organelles

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cytoplasm
watery environment in which the organelles "float around"
mitochondria
sites of cellular respiration and energy production
golgi body
synthesizes carbohydrates and packages secretions for the cell
nucleus
the "brain" of the cell that controls the cell's functions; contains DNA/acts as information center for cell reproduction and other cell functions
nuclear membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
cell wall
rigid layer of a plant cell to provide protection and support
vacuole
storage area for a cell (often holds food and water)
endoplasmic reticulum
"highway" in a cell to transport materials/provides channels through which transport of material occurs in cytoplasm
ribosome
creates proteins for the cell
chloroplast
pigment (=color) containing organelle in plants that is used to produce energy
cell membrane
thin layer that controls what goes in and out of a cell
lysosome
organelle that breaks down waste for the cell/center of cellular digestion
nucleolus
acts as a reservoir for RNA/central region in the nucleus
centrosome
contains centrioles that are functional during reproduction of animal cells
chromosome
contains the hereditary material (DNA), the agents for distribution of hereditary information. Humans have 23 pairs