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The top three operating systems for personal computers are

Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux

The _____ of the operating system enables the user to communicate with the computer system.

user interface

For perfoming common tasks, Windows 8 has special shortcuts called


The process of optimizing RAM storage by borrowing hard drive space is called ________.

virtual memory

More than 50% of smartphones use an operating system developed by ________.


Mac OS X includes a backup utility called ________.

Time Machine

Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges pieces of files on your hard drive to allow for faster access?

Disk Defragmenter

If Microsoft Word 2010 is used to create a file, which file extension is added automatically?


Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?

The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.

Two types of video memory are ________.


________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set is finished.


In most current systems ________ is the type of RAM used.


When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in ________.


The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in ________.


______ is software that takes an existing Internet connection and turns it into a wireless hotspot.


The unique number assigned to a network adapter by the manufacturer is referred to as the ________ address.


A peer-to-peer (P2P) network is an example of ________ administration.


Network architectures are classified according to ________.

the way in which they are managed and the distance between their nodes

Sophisticated networks generally use which of the following hardware devices to ease the flow of data through the network?

Routers and switches

A computer network is defined as two or more computers connected via ________ so that they can communicate with each other.

software and hardware

Wireless Internet is available using ________.

radio waves

For the nodes on a network to communicate with each other and access the network, each node needs a ________.

network adapter

A client/server network is an example of ________ administration


An adaptive "network-ready" thermostat called ________ communicates with your mobile device to check or adjust your home temperature even when you are away.


The Pebble e-paper watch founders used the crowd-funding site ________ to ask for $100,000 in pledges.


A(n) ________ is included in a cell phone to handle the compression of data for it to be quickly transmitted to another phone.


An analog-to-digital converter chip ________.

converts the sound waves from a voice into digital signals

A new Asus device that combines the features of a phone and a tablet is a ________.


The main difference between the tablet and smartphone is the ________.

screen size

The most popular tablet operating system was developed by ________.


Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.

device driver

The basic input/output system is stored on a ________ chip.


The latest version of the Mac OS X is the ________.

Mountain Lion

The location of a file is specified by its ________.

file path

UNIX was developed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Richie who worked at ________.

AT&T's Bell Labs

Which of the following is the name of a Microsoft Access file?


A(n) ________ is a small program that performs general housekeeping tasks for your computer.

utility program

A video card is an expansion card installed inside your ________.

system unit

Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?

Blu-ray drives

Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to ________.

clear out unnecessary files

The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called ________.

memory modules

A ________ uses electronic memory and has no motors or moving parts.

solid state drive

Windows uses a memory-management technique known as ________ to monitor which applications you use the most and preloads them into your system memory.


On a Windows 7 system, you can determine the amount of RAM by looking in the ________ window.

System Properties

The dominant system processors on the market are made by ________.


The CPU consists of which two parts?

the control unit & the arithmetic logic unit

Running the CPU at a faster speed than the manufacturer recommends is called ________.


The ________ has the largest capacity of any storage device.

mechanical hard drive

A(n) ________ enables the computer to drive the speaker system.

sound card

A(n) ________ is a device connected to a network such as a computer or a game console.


A network used to communicate among devices close to one person is called a ________.


Data are sent through a network on bundles called ________.


Network adapters ________.

enable nodes in the network to communicate with each other

A ________ is a network located in your home that connects to all your digital devices.


The current version of wireless Ethernet is ________.


SMS delivers messages to the appropriate mobile device using ________ technology.


The operating system of a cell phone is stored in ________.


A customizable watch that connects to your smartphone using Bluetooth is called ________.

Pebble e-paper watch

An Internet connectivity plan is also known as a ________.

data plan

________ is a very well known free VoIP provider.


A ________ runs a traditional desktop operating system and is lightweight.


Text messaging is also called ________.

short message service (SMS)

Which of the following uses radio waves to transmit data signals over short distances?


The choice communication mode of people aged 14 to 30 is ________.


C:\Documents\Spring 2012\CIS 101\Term Paper\Computer Technology is an example of a ________.

file path

You can use the Windows ________ to check on a nonresponsive program.

task manager

The most essential software in your computer system is the ________.

operating system

Windows 8 uses a(n) ________ account to easily access and store your files online.


Which of the following was the first widely used operating system installed in personal computers?


XO is the name of the computer provided by the ________ initiative.

One Laptop Per Child

MS-DOS first used a(n) ________ interface.


Which of the following is an open source operating system for personal computers?


A special numerical code that prioritizes device requests from the operating systems is called ________.

Interrupt Handler

A(n) ________ is an expansion card that's installed inside the system unit to translate data into images.

video card

Which program provides a seven-layer overwrite for the Mac operating system?

ShreadIt X

The rule of thumb that predicts that CPU capacity will double every two years is called ________.

Moore's Law

Cache memory levels are defined by ________.

The chip's proximity to the CPU

Laptops are often equipped with a(n) ________ slot that allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash, memory sticks, and secure digital cards.


Normal telephone cable is a type of ________.

twisted pair cable

Using a network without the network owner's permission is known as ________.


SSID stands for ________.

service set identifier

A large network designed to provide access to a specific geographic area, such as a large city is a ________.


________ is the maximum speed at which data can be transferred between two nodes.

data transfer rate

Images are a representation of light waves called ________ or continuous waves.


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