17 terms

Global Governance - norms and laws

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Norms
Values, traditions and customs that govern individual behavior in a society. They are the local or national perception of what is acceptable or unacceptable in society. Such as shaking hands as a greeting in the UK.
Example of a conflict in cultural norms
Chewing with your mouth open is perceived as rude in the UK, whilst in China it's considered polite
Regulations
Any rule or directive made and maintained by an authority, such as trade regulations in the EU
Institutions
Any organisation founded for a religious, economic, educational, professional, or social purpose. E.g. The IMF try to stabilize the global economy by helping countries with financial difficulties
Environmental sustainability
A state in which the demands placed on the environment can be met without reducing the quality of the environment for the future.
Laws
Legally punitive unlike norms, which only warrant social disapproval. Laws are enforced whereas norms are respected. Both can be the same and there is crossover.
Global Governance
A movement towards political cooperation aimed at negotiating responses to problems that affect more than one state or region.
Institutions of global governance
The United Nations, the International Criminal Court, the World Bank, IMF, WTO etc.—tend to have limited power to enforce compliance from national governments.
NGOs
Non Government Organisations, any non-profit organisation that operates independently of any government, typically one whose purpose is to address a social or political issue e.g The Red Cross
WHO
The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948 headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland
The Jurisdictional Gap
Issue with Global governance with a gap between the increasing need for global governance in many areas - such as health - and the lack of an authority with the power, or jurisdiction, to take action.
The Incentive Gap
Issue with Global governance with a gap between the need for international cooperation and the motivation to undertake it. The incentive gap is said to be closing as globalisation provides increasing impetus for countries to cooperate. However, there are concerns that, as Africa lags further behind economically, its influence on global governance processes will diminish.
The participation gap
Refers to the fact that international cooperation remains primarily the affair of governments, leaving civil society groups on the fringes of policy-making. On the other hand, globalisation of communication is facilitating the development of global civil society movements
Global commons
Resource domains or areas that lie outside Nation state control
Global governance
A movement of political integration aimed at negotiating responses to problems that affect more than one state or region.
Non government organisations (NGOs)
Any non-profit voluntary citizens group with a common interest which is organised on a local, national or international level. Sometimes referred to as a civil society organisation.
United Nations
An international organisation founded in 1945 made up of 193 member states whose aim is to promote international peace and co-operation.
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