23 terms

Global Governance Agencies

STUDY
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United Nations
An international organisation founded in 1945 made up of 193 member states whose aim is to promote international peace and co-operation.
Positives of UN "Maintain world peace and security"
Developed and strengthened international relations. There have been no further world conflicts and over 170 peaceful UN settlements have ended regional conflicts. Positive peace-keeping missions in Africa that have largely managed to maintain a fragile peace.
Negatives of UN "Maintain world peace and security"
Powerful military states have ignored UN opinions and mandates - notably the Soviet Union (now Russia) and China. The UN has sometimes only had a minor influence on the outcome (e.g. 1950s-70s Vietnam war).
Agencies to "Maintain world peace and security"
Security Council (1945), Office of Peacekeeping Operations (1992) - formerly the UN Office of Special Political Affairs, Office for Disarmament Affairs (1998)
Positives of UN to "Provide long term humanitarian and development assistance and uphold human rights"
Improved the quality of life for millions of the most vulnerable, particularly children and women. The ambitious Millennium Development Goals achieved notable successes.
Agencies of UN to "Provide long term humanitarian and development assistance and uphold human rights"
United Nations Children's Fund (1946), UN Women (2010), UN Population Fund (1969)
Negatives of UN to "Provide long term humanitarian and development assistance and uphold human rights"
Failures in fully addressing security situations in Afghanistan and Middle East have hampered efforts at development and rebuilding.
Positives of UN trying to Eradicate and prevent global hunger
Negotiated fairer trade, Applied agro-technologies to increase food yields in LICs.
Negatives of UN trying to Eradicate and prevent global hunger
Globalisation and capitalism support agreements between HICs and an unequal movement of goods between LICs and HICs.
Agencies of UN trying to Eradicate and prevent global hunger
World Food Programme (1963), Food and Agriculture Organisation (1945), UN Conference on Trade and Development (1972)
Protect refugees worldwide agencies
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (1950) UN has been a first responder to human and 1950) environmental disasters around the world.
Eradicate and combat the spread of global disease Agency
World Health Organisation (WHO) (1948)
Eradicate and combat the spread of global disease SUCCESSES
Reduced global mortality rates, including eradication of smallpox (1979) and near eradication of polio.
Settle legal disputes (within international law) Agencies
General Assembly (1945) , International Court of Justice (1945)
Settle legal disputes SUCCESSES
International laws established within a world legal framework.
Settle legal disputes WEAKNESSES
Limited repercussions for countries that do not follow mandates (laws), and Unipolarity, where one state exercises most of the cultural, economic and military influence exists e.g. USA geopolitical influence
Millennium Development Goals
The MDGs were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000
8 MDGs
To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, develop a global partnership for development
Sustainable Development goals
New UN goals from 2015 to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. The 17 Goals build on the MDGs, while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities.
UNDP
United Nations Development Program
WTO
World Trade Organization is the only global international organisation dealing with the rules of trade between nations. Aims to liberalise trade globally.
UNFCCC
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the body responsible for overseeing negotiations to reduce greenhouse gasses and thus climate change
UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme