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Finals Vocabulary Religon
Terms in this set (90)
2 Corinthians 12:9
"My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness. I will rather boast most gladly of my weaknesses, in order that the power of Christ may dwell with me"
an outward sign of an invisible grace. An "efficacious" symbol that brings about the spiritual reality to which it points. This term applies to Christ Jesus, the great sign of God's love for us; to the Church, his continuing presence in our world; and to the Seven Sacraments
A term that means "capable of producing a desired effect" This means that the sacraments actually confer the grace they signify
an expression that means the communication or dispensation of the fruits of Christ's Paschal Mystery through the celebration of the sacramental liturgy
A word that means "taking on human flesh" Jesus is the incarnation of God. In Jesus, God took human form
A hebrew name that means "God Saves". This name explains the purpose of Jesus life, to save all people from sin
A hebrew name that means "anointed one". This name, when applied to Jesus, means he is the son of the living God
A reference to Jesus as the "prime sacrament" because he points to God's love while at the same time he is God's love for us as he reconciles the world to his Father
A participation in the life and love God the Trinity that comes to us through the sacraments. Each sacrament brings us a different dimension of God's life and love
Communion of Saints
The unity of all those living on earth (the pilgrim church) those being purified in Purgatory (The Church of Suffering) and those enjoying the blessings of Heaven (The Church in Glory)
The official public worship of the church. The sacraments and the Divine Office constitute the Church's liturgy. Mass is the most important liturgical celebration
An indelible spiritual mark which is the permanent effect of the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders. The mark is a permanent configuration to Jesus Christ and a specific standing in the Church. The reception of these sacraments is never repeated
From greek word meaning "image" icons are religious images or paintings
Also known as the liturgical year, it organizes the major events of Jesus life around the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time 1, Lent, Triduum, Easter, and Ordinary Time 2
The 3 day liturgy that is the Church's most solemn celebration of the Paschal Mystery. It begins with the Mass of the Lord's supper on Holy Thursday, continues through the Good Friday service, and concludes with the evening prayer on Easter Sunday. Although it takes place over three days, the Triduum is considered one single liturgy.
A greek term that means "unfolding of the mystery" it is named for the period following the Baptism of adults. During this time, the newly baptized are to open themselves more fully to the graces received in Baptism
Those newly received into the Church through the Sacraments of Initiation at the Easter Vigil
"Amen, Amen, I say to you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit"
unbaptised people who are preparing to recieve all of the sacraments of Christian Initiation
A greek word that means "study or instruction" In the early Church, it was a period of study about Jesus and the Christian faith. Celebration of the Sacraments of Intiation did not occur until after the catechumenate
prayer services in which the Church prays for and over the elect. the prayers ask God to forgive the elected people's sins and to strengthen them with grace
Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA)
the process by which anyone of catechetical age is initiated into the Catholic Church
Baptism of Blood
the beleif that martyrs-- people who die for their faith in Jesus-- receive forgiveness for their sins and experience God's saving mercy if they had not yet been baptized by water
literally "witnesses", its is someone who has been killed because of his or her faith
Baptism of Desire
the belief that catechumens who die before receiving the sacrament of baptism receive forgiveness for their sins and experience God's saving mercy
a seperatly planned structure around the Baptism font
prayerful rites in preparation for Baptism that invoke God's help in overcoming the power of Satan and the spirit of evil
Oil of Catechumens
olive oil or another plant oil that is blessed by a bishop at the Chrism Mass on or around Holy Thursday. This blessed oil is used to anoint catechumens, giving them wisdom and strength in their journey toward baptism
Original Holiness and Justice
the state of human nature into which all generations of people are born. Christ Jesus came to save us from Original Sin
1 Corinthians 6:19
"Do you not know that your body is a temple of the holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?"
A name for the Holy Spirit. The advocate is the "Paraclete or "helper" who will live in us and guide us to truth
Laying on of Hands
A gesture that is a main rite and origin of the sacrament of confirmation. Acts 19:1-6 tells the story of a new group of disciples who, after being baptized, recieved the Holy Spirit when St.Paul laid hands on them.
The name in the Eastern rites for the Sacrament of Confirmation. It comes from the chrism used as part of the sacrament
Age of Discretion
Also called "the age of reason" it is the age (typically the end of the seventh year) at which a person becomes capable of moral reasoning
a candidate for Confirmation
An annual Mass celebrated in a diocesan cathedral on or near Holy Thursday in which the bishop consecrates the sacred chrism that will be used in the diocese throughout the year
Also called the prayers of the faithful, these are prayers of petition for the sake of others
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Outpourings of God's gifts to help us live a Christian life. The triditional seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit are wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the lord
Fruits of the Spirit
Perfections that result from living in union with the Holy Spirit
"Jesus said to them, "I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me will never thirst."
Mass of the Catechumens
The first part of the mass that was attended by catechumens along with baptized catholics. The prayers, scripture readings, and homily were ment to be a form of instruction for the catechumens. Today this part of the mass is called the Liturgy of the Word
A part of a psalm that is sung when the priest enters the church and approches the alter
The opening prayer of the mass. it concludes the introductory Rites and preceds the liturgy of the word.
The formal profession of faith recited at mass. it came from the first two Ecumencial councils, at Nicaea in 325 and Constantinople in 381
Means "of his own accord" it signifies words in papal documents that were decided by the pope personally
Part of the introductory rite at mass when the priest invites people to repent of their sins and prepare themselves to encounter Christ in the Eucharist
A term that mans "I confess" it is used at the beginning of Mass and at other times to prepare to recieve grace
A psalm sung or said at mass after the first scripture reading
The church's great prayer of praise and thanksgiving to God that takes place during the Liturgy of the Eucharist. There are four Eucharistic Prayers in the Roman rite
The prayer that petitions God to send the Holy Spirit to transform the bread and wine offered at the Eucharistic liturgy into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. This term also applies to the prayer said in every sacrament that asks for the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit
Words of institution
The words said by Jesus over the bread and wine at the Last Supper. The priest repeats these words over the bread and wine at mass as they are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ.
A prayer of praise to the Blessed Trinity. The Eucharistic Prayer ends in this
The affirmation by the faithful to the entire Eucharistic Prayer
The time during the communion rite when the priest breaks the Body of Christ. He puts a piece of the consecrated bread into the chalice containing the Blood of Christ to signify the unity of the Body and Blood of Christ.
"Let us confidently approach the throne of grace to receive mercy and to find grace for timely help"
the status of sinners who have been forgiven. Jesus suffered and died so that humans could be saved from sin a restored to a loving relationship with the father
people who admit their sins, are truly sorry for having sinned, and wish to be restored to the good graces of God and the Church
the prayer by which a priest, by the power given to the Church by Jesus Christ, pardons a repentant sinner in the Sacrament of Penance
Examination of Conscience
an honest assessment of how well we have lived God's covenant of love. This examination leads us to accept responsibility for our sins and to realize our need of God's merciful forgivness
heartfelt sorrow and aversion for sins committed, along with the intention of sinning no more. most important act of penitents and is necessary for recieving absolution in the Sacrament of Penance
an inclination to commit sin that can be found in human desires and appetites as a result of Original Sin
any sins committed by an individual. mental sin includes our thoughts and attitudes. Actual sin includes our words and actions
the act of repairing, restoring or paying for any damage our sins have inflicted on others or their property
the secrecy priests are bound to keep regarding any sins confessed to them
Act of Contrition
a prayer, either formal or informal, penitents pray at the Sacrament of Penance to express sorrow for their sins
purification after death for those who died in God's friendship but still need to be purified because of past sins before entering Heaven. it is also called "the Church suffering"
a serious penalty that means a baptized person is no longer in communion with the Catholic Church. Some are automatic, including for the sins of apostasy, heresy, and schism
1 John 4:7
"Beloved, let us love one another, because love is of God; everyone who loves is begotten by God and knows God"
The ending of a civil marriage contract. Church law forbidS Catholics who do this from remarrying unless their first marriage has been declared null. It also forbids Catholic from marrying a divorced person of any faith unless that marriage has been declared null
Being married to two or more people at the same time. It is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive
Infidelity in a marriage whereby a married person has sexual intercourse with someone who is not the person's spouse
Declaration of Nullity
The church's declaration that a particular marriage- whether presumed as a sacramental bond or simply a natural bond- was never valid
is a latin derived word that means "wedding" This sanctifies the marriage covenant of the bride and groom. It takes place after the couple gives their consent to be married
The promises made by the bride and groom to honor one another and to be faithful in good times and in bad, in sickness and in health throughout their lives. By their consent to one another, the couple establish a permanent covenant in love.
an attribute of God that describes his eternal faithfulness to his promises
a term for the family, the church in miniature
Any artificial means that deliberately and directly has an outcome closing off one of the aims of sexual intercourse- the sharing of life. Opposes the unitive aspect of the conjugal act by not allowing for the total self giving of the couple to one another
Natural Family Planning
A church approved method for one regulating births in a marriage that is in accord with God's will because it is pursued by spouses without external pressure nor motives of selfishness and is practiced through natural means of periodic continence and use of infertile periods
the place where training of candidates for the priesthood takes place
the renunciation of marriage made by those who receive the Sacrament of Holy Orders for more perfect observance of chastity; also extends to consecrated life and to those who forego marriage for some honorable end
a term for ordained men; it comes from a Greek word for "lot"
a diocesan subdivision headed by a pastor; a local Church community
a long, narrow band of fabric, like a scarf. a deacon's is worn diagonally from one shoulder, while a priest's is worn straight from both shoulders
the outer vestment worn by a priest at liturgy. its color follows the liturgical seasons- purple for Advent/Lent/other feasts of Christ, red for Good Friday/Pentecost, green for Ordinary Time
the outer liturgical vestment of a deacon; may also be worn by bishops under the chasuble and certain solemn liturgies
a geographic section of the Church, made up of parishes, that is headed by a bishop
the unity of all ordained bishops in the worldwide Church, in both the East and the West.
Synod of Bishops
a group of bishops, usually chosen from throughout the world, who come together to advise the pope on certain issues
an assembly of all (or most) bishops throughout the world in union with the pope. Such a council is the highest authority in the universal Church
a common name for a liturgical book from which priests pray the Liturgy of the Hours each day
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