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Vocabulary from the Sonlight Instructors Guide


The study of life

Prokaryotic cell

A cell that has no distinct, membrand-bounded organelles

Eukaryotic cell

A cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles

Kingdom Monera

* Represent smallest organisms in Creation
* Composed of Prokaryotic cells
* Bacteria


An organism that causes disease

Dehydrated food

Food in which almost all of the water has been removed

Kingdom Protista

* Made of eukaryotic cells
* Some organisms make their own food through photosynthesis
* Split into protozoa and algae
* Algae have no specialized structure


Organisms that break down the dead remains of the other organisms

Kingdom Fungi

* fungus = singular
* Most organisms feed on dead organisms
* These organisms are decomposers
* Contains Mushrooms, shelf fungi, yeast, mold

Kingdom Plantae

* Plant Kingdom
* Plants have specific structures with specific
jobs (stem, root, leaves)
* Most plant cells are more square than animal cells
* Cells have a cell wall

Vegetative reproduction

The process by which one part of a plant can form new roots and develop into a complete plant

Turgor pressure

The pressure inside a plant cell that helps the plant stand upright

Kingdom Animalia

*Animal Kingdom
* Included insects, fish, birds, and animals as we know them.

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