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Final exam: Literary Terms
Terms in this set (33)
minor plot with its own conflict within the story
a state or feeling of excited or anxious uncertainty about what may happen
clues that hint at what will happen later in a story
the character around whom the main conflict revolves; usually the "good guy"
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers. Example from The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe: "Upon the bust of Pallas" "The Night's Plutonian shore" "Is there balm in Gilead?"
compare and contrast
A text structure which lists similarities and differences between two ideas
a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract. Example: The scorpion in The Pearl symbolizes corruption entering into the story.
problem faced by a character
a person who actively opposes the protagonist; usually on the other side of the main conflict
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
The perspective from which the story is told
A brief recount of the main ideas or points in a story or text.
The giving of human qualities to something nonhuman. Example in The Pearl by John Steinbeck: "A town has whole emotion, a town has a nervous system..."
Point of View
3rd person limited
3rd person omniscient
the author's means of communicating what a character's personality and physical traits are like.
Methods of Indirect Characterization
2ASTOR: Actions, Appearance, Speech, Thoughts, Other's Reactions
The turning point of the story; the highest point of suspense; the highest point of conflict
The way an author depicts regional differences in speech. Example: "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County:" "And he ketched Dan'l by his neck, and hefted him, and says, "Why blame my cats, if he don't weigh five pound!"
an educated guess or supposition a reader can make based upon events in a story
the opposite of what is expected occurs. Example- "The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe: The narrator goes to such lengths to hide his murder of the old man; then he confesses everything to the police.
The "gist" of a passage
A direct comparison of two unlike things. In The Pearl by John Steinbeck, Kino is compared directly to an animal.
A feeling the reader gets from the story. This is mostly influenced by the author's word choices.
A recurring idea or object in literature- meant to emphasize theme.
The structure of a story; the events of a story
How the conflict in a story is resolved
Time and Place of a story
A comparison of two unlike things using the word "like" or "as"- From The Pearl by John Steinbeck- "A town is a thing like a colonial animal"
The message the author wishes to convey to the reader. For example, in The Pearl, "Greed is a destructive force."
An author's attitude towards the subject they are writing about.
A narrator who cannot be trusted. For example, from "The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe, the narrator is unreliable because he repeatedly claims his sanity, yet his speech and actions demonstrate his mental instability.
In a nonfiction text, events are listed in order of occurrence OR order is important.
Problem and solution
In nonfiction text, a problem is presented and solutions are suggested.
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