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math terms
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Terms in this set (59)
zero pairs
a pair of numbers whose sum is zero
whole number
numbers that have no fractional or decimal part and number that are not negative
terminating decimal
a decimal that has a finite number of digits
term
part of an algebraic expression. could be a number, a variable, or a product of both
sum
the answer to an addition problem
subtraction property of equality
subtracting the same quality from both sides of the equation keeps both sides equal
square root
a number that when multiplied by itself gives the original number
square number
a number that results from multiplying an integer by itself
simplify
to reduce a fraction so that the greatest common factor of the numerator
simplify
to put in simplest terms or form
sequence
a set of numbers or objects arranged according to a rule
scientific notation
a way of writing very large numbers as a number times a power of 10
repeating decimal
a decimal that has repeating digits or a repeating pattern of digits
reciprocal
the multiplicative inverse of a number
real number
the set of rational and irrational numbers
rational numbers
any number that can be written as a fraction
radical
a mathematical expression that uses a root
quotient
the answer to a division problem
product
the result of multiply two factors
prime number
a number that has exactly 2 factors 1 and the number itself
prime factorization
writing a number as a product of its prime factors
power
the number of times of times a base is multiplied by itself
order of operations
rules that tell us the order in which to perform
opposites
numbers that have the same distance from zero in opposite directions
odd number
a number that cannot be evenly divided by 2
nth term
a formula for finding any term of a sequence.
natural number
the counting numbers not including 0
multiplication property of equality
multiplying by the same quantity on both sides of the equal
multiple
the result of multiplying two whole numbers
mixed number
a number expressed as a whole number with a fraction
metric
a decimal system of measurement based on multiples of 10
less than or equal to
a symbol that shows that the first number has the second number
less than
a symbol used to compare two number given first
least common multiple
the least number that is a multiple of two or more numbers
invitational number
non-terminating and non-repeating
inverse operation
opposite or reverse operations
integer
a positive or negative whole number or zero
inequality
not equal in size, amount, or value
identity property
a number multiplied by 1 is the number itself. Zero added to a number is the number itself.
greatest common factor
the greatest number that will divide two or more numbers evenly
greater than or equal to
a symbol that shows that the first number has the same value or a greater value or a greater value than the second number
greater than
a symbol used to compare two numbers with the greater number given first
factor
a whole number that divides evenly into another number or a whole number that is multiplied by another number to get a product
exponent
a number that tells how many times the base is multiplied by itself
expanded form
a way to write a number showing place value
even number
a number that can be divided by 2
double number line diagram
a diagram using two number lines to compare quantites with different units
divisor
the number that is dividing another number
divisiblty
having the ability to divided by another number evenly
dividend
the number being divided
decompose
breaking numbers up into smaller numbers
customary
the commonly used system of measurement in the U.S.
consecutive
following in an unbroken sequence
compose
putting numbers together to make another number
commutative property
in adding or multiplication, the answer is the same regardless of the order of the terms
base
a number that is multiplied by itself as many times as the exponent requires
associative property
when multiplying or adding, the answer will be the same regardless of how the terms are grouped
arithmetic sequence
a set of numbers in which there is a constant difference between terms
absolute value
a number's distance from zero on a number line
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