English - Unit 1: Culture and its Effects on the Individual
Terms in this set (75)
The integration of national economies through trade, investment, labor migration, and technology.
What is Culture?
All of the things that make up a people's entire way of life.
Examples of Culture
Religion/beliefs, rituals, education, food, holidays, politics, clothing, music, language, dances, technology, appearance, environment, jobs, origins, architecture, sports, currency, etc..
What is Cultural Conflict?
Problems in a society resulting from cultural differences or a lack of understand of another's culture.
An unfair situation, in which some groups in society are treated better or unfairly positioned to have more money, opportunities, power, etc. than others.
Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Bias in judgment and/or behavior that results from subtle cognitive processes.
Attitudes or beliefs that one endorses at a conscious level.
The associated feeling or meanings a word conveys.
The dictionary definition/literal meaning of a word.
Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people.
A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.
A group of people (typically smaller in number) commonly discriminated against because they differ from others in race, religion, language, or political persuasion.
Intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself.
Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.
Prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control.
Based on whether one is male, female, etc..
Based on race or ethnicity - where people or their ancestors are from.
Based on what people believe in - different religions (or denominations).
Based on wealth and income.
A male dominated system.
Dislike of, contempt for, or ingrained prejudice against women.
Social/political movement for women's equality.
Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex.
Typical actions duties/responsibilities based on one's sex.
Not associated with religious beliefs.
Holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation, typically in relation to politics or religion.
A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.
Drastically outside what is considered the social "norm".
The belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races.
Setting someone or something apart from other; separating them.
A right, immunity, or benefit enjoyed only by a person beyond the advantages of most.
The state of having a great deal of money; wealth.
The state of being extremely poor.
Prejudice against or in favor of people belonging to a particular social class.
a person says or writes one thing and means another
the incongruity between what actually happens and what might be expected to happen, especially when this disparity seems absurd or laughable (the exact opposite of what is meant to happen, happens)
when we as the audience know things the characters do not
a symbol or theme that repeats throughout history/cultures
mistaken thought, idea, or notion; a misunderstanding
language that appeals to the five senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell) - engages the audience
Point of View
the perspective of the speaker in the poem
speaker is part of the story (pronouns: I, me, my, we)
speaker directly addresses the audience (pronouns: you)
Third Person Limited
Narrator is not part of the story and cannot read minds
Third Person Omniscient
"Godlike" narrator who can read minds and is able to know all aspects of a character's past
Third Person Limited Omniscient
narrator can only read the mind of one character
a group of lines in poetry separated by a space; a "paragraph" in poetry
the arrangement of words and phrases to create sentences or ideas
comparison of two unlike objects using like or as
comparison of two unlike objects
giving human actions/characteristics to objects
a material object representing something abstract
recurring image or theme throughout a literary work
repetition of the first letter or sound in a word; little words can be in between
the word sounds like the thing it describes
patterns of rhymes at the end of each line; use letters to indicate which lines rhyme; lines with the same letter all rhyme
repeated words or phrases throughout the poem
the rhythm has a pattern of beats; each repeated set has a certain number of syllables; the difference in types of meter is which syllables are accented
weak syllable; strong syllable
Pent = Five
(pentagon - 5 sides, pentathlon - fencing, shooting, swimming, riding, cross country)
also called half rhyme, imperfect rhyme, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, and off rhyme; it is a rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical (eyes, light, years, yours
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel despite different consonants (penitent, reticence)
is the repetition of consonants or of a consonant pattern, especially at the ends of words (blank, blink)
poetry that tells a complete story
indirect reference to someone or something famous (passing chemistry is a Herculean feat or math is my kryptonite)
two words with opposite meanings together (friendly fire, defeaning silence, icy hot)
two contradictory ideas together (firefighters who start fires or needing money to go bankrupt)
the effect the subject has on the reader
the attitude of the speaker toward the subject
uncertainty or inexactness of meaning such as vagueness, obscurity, abstruseness, doubtfulness, uncertainty