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Science Hydrosphere Study Materials
Terms in this set (22)
Water molecules double bonding with each other at the surface because there is nothing to grab on to above. Examples: fill up a water bottle and add small spoonfuls, water striders, bubbles, water feeling like pavement if you belly flop, etc
Where the poles of water molecules are attracted to the opposite poles of other water molecules, therefore they stick together
Water is a... because it has two poles, a positive and a negative.
Which two atoms in a water molecule are positively charged because they gave up their electrons in a covalent bond?
This atom has two empty spots in its valence shell which get filled up after bonding, therefore this atom is negatively charged. Which is this?
Water has the most of this than any other molecule. This has to do with absorbing and holding heat.
What property is shown when one water molecule sticks and holds on to a different type of molecule?
1. Water Vapor (Gas H20) 2. Cooling . 3. A solid
3 things required for condensation
What are the solids called which water vapor condenses on? (examples: smoke, windows, etc)
1. Water Vapor- liquid water in the bottom of the bottle-we increased pressure and the temperature went up (Gay Lussac's Law). 2. Cooling- we decreased the pressure and what was inside the bottle cooled down. 3. A solid- the smoke was actually a solid- tiny pieces of carbon from the wood.
In the Cloud in the Bottle Lab, define the three things needed for condensation in our lab and how they happened.
Atmosphere, cloud, atmosphere, ice caps, glaciers, aquifers, plants, animals, land (runoff)
Where can water be stored in the water cycle?
Part of the water cycle that holds water for a short period of time
Part of the water cycle that holds water for a long period of time- you may think of this when thinking about where drinking water comes from
When water changes to water vapor and rises into the air (liquid heats up and turns into gas).
When ice and snow change directly to water vapor (examples: dry ice, freezers, etc)
During cellular respiration, plants do this while releasing water vapor through the stomata.
Occurs in clouds, water vapor changes to liquid water
When water molecules clump together and eventually get heavy enough to fall from the sky as rain, snow, sleet, hail, freezing rain, etc
Precipitation that falls on the ground and flows on the surface (imagine water rolling down a hill)
Underground rock below the ground soil that stores water, sometimes for a very long time
Precipitation that soaks into the ground
When water seeps into the ground and seeps into rock through cracks and pores
Sets with similar terms
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Properties of water
APES: The water cycle
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