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The framework in which the organization defines how tasks are divided, resources are deployed, and departments are coordinated
The degree to which organizational tasks are subdivided into individual jobs; also called division of labor
Chain of Command
An unbroken line of authority that links all individuals in the organization and specifies who reports to whom
The formal and legitimate right of a manager to make decisions, issue orders, and allocate resources to achieve organizationally desired outcomes
The fact that the people with authority and responsibility are subject to reporting and justifying task outcomes to those above them in the chain of command
The process managers use to transfer authority and responsibility to positions below them in the hierarchy
A form of authority in which individuals in management positions have the formal power to direct and control immediate subordinates
A management structure characterized by an overall narrow span of management and a relatively large number of hierarchical levels
A management structure characterized by an overall broad span of control and relatively few hierarchical levels
The basis on which individuals are grouped into departments and departments into the total organization
The grouping of positions into departments based on similar skills, expertise, and resource use
An organization structure in which departments are grouped based on similar organizational outputs
An organization structure that uses functional and divisional chains of command simultaneously in the same part of the organization
The overseer of both the product and functional chains of command; responsible for the entire matrix
A group of employees from various functional departments that meet as a team to resolve mutual problems
A group of participants from several functions who are permanently assigned to solve ongoing problems of common interest
Structure in which the entire organization is made up of horizontal teams that coordinate their activities and work directly with customers to accomplish the organization's goals
Virtual Network Structure
An organization structure that disaggregates major functions to separate companies that are brokered by a small headquarters organization
The process by which a manufacturing company uses outside suppliers to provide large components of the product, which are then assembled into a final product by a few workers
A temporary team or committee formed to solve a specific short-term problem involving several departments
A person responsible for coordinating the activities of several departments on a full-time basis for the completion of a specific project
The radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in cost, quality, service, and speed; also called business process reengineering
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