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Health 9 Final Exam
Terms in this set (68)
What are the six nutrients?
carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins, and water
What is the most important nutrient?
most of the calories in your diet should come from...
Why isn't a diet that is full of proteins healthy?
you are missing out on carbohydrates
What are the five food groups you should eat with each meal?
fruits, vegetables, protein, grains, and dairy
Which food group is pineapple an example of?
Which food group is bread in?
Which food group is yogurt in?
What is the recommended amount of food we should eat?
What is the amount of food that you put on your plate?
How many bones are in your body?
What is a tendon?
a fibrous cord that attaches muscle to bone
What is a ligament?
band of fibrous, slightly elastic connective tissue that connects one bone to another
What is cartilage?
strong, flexible, connective tissue that can act as a cushion between bones
What is the difference between a compound fracture and a simple fracture?
Compound fracture: broken bone that comes through skin; and a simple fracture is when the bone breaks but stays under the skin
What is ossification?
the process by which bones are formed, repaired and renewed
What is osteoporosis?
when your bones are weak and brittle
What are the brains three sections?
cerebrum, cerebellum, and the brain stem
What is the largest and most complex part of the brain?
Which section of the brain is connected to the spinal cord?
the brain stem
How many types of blood vessels are there?
What are the 3 types of blood vessels?
arteries, veins, and capillaries
Which blood vessel carries blood to all the body cells?
What is hemoglobin?
oxygen carrying protein in the blood
What are the 4 types of blood?
A, B, AB, O
Which type of blood can be universal donors?
What is another name for the windpipe?
What is the main airway that leads to the lungs?
What type of muscle contractions move food through the digestive tract?
Involuntary muscle contractions
Whats the process of food moving(esophagus - stomach - intestine)?
What is the process of chewing called?
What are nephrons?
the functional units of kidneys
How do you keep excretory system healthy?
drinking 64 oz of water a day, eat healthy, practice good hygiene, and get regular medical checkups
What is excretion?
the process of removing wastes from the body
What do hormones do?
they help regulate many of your body functions
What does the endocrine system do?
sends and receives chemical messages that control the bodies functions
What is a communicable disease?
A disease that is spread from one living organism to another or through the environment
What is an infection?
a condition that occurs when pathogens in the body multiply and damage body cells
What are pathogens
a microorganism that causes disease
What is a virus?
a piece of genetic material surrounded by a protein coat
What is bacteria?
a single celled microorganism
What are toxins?
a substance that kills cells or interferes with their functions
What is a vector?
an organism that carries and transmits pathogens to humans or other animals
What is a habit that can help you avoid from getting sick?
get physical activity
What is jaundice?
yellowing of the skin and the eyse
What is cirrhosis?
scaring of the liver
What is tuberculosis?
a bacterial disease that attacks the lungs, spread through the air
How many ways can diseases be spread?
What are the 3 ways that disease are spread?
direct contact, indirect contact, and airborne transmission
What are examples of direct contact?
touching, biting, kissing, sexual contact
What are examples of indirect contact?
contaminated objects, vectors, contaminated food and water
What are examples of airborne transmission?
sneezing and coughing
What is abstinence?
refraining completely from sex
What is a tubal ligation?
a surgical procedure n which the fallopian tubes are closed off or cut
What is a vasectomy?
a surgical procedure in which vas deferens are cut or tied
What is a birth control pill?
a pill that combines estrogen and progesterone to change the natural menstrual cycle and to prevent ovilation
What is chlamydia?
an infection of the reproductive tract, with or without symptoms that can lead to PID
How often is a birth control shot given?
every 3 months
What is a birth control shot?
a shot of synthetic progesterone that is given to change natural menstrual cycle and prevent ovulation
What is a intrauterine device?
a small device that fits inside the uterus and helps prevent pregnancy
What is spermicide?
a foam, jelly or cream that forms a barrier and contains a chemical that may kill sperm
What type of STD's can antibiotics cure?
What is responsibility?
doing what needs to be done
What does it mean to be caring?
being responsive to the concerns and needs of others
What is trustworthiness?
keeping promises; being a person of your word
What is respectfulness?
treating others the way you want to be treated
What is self-esteem?
the value a person attaches to his or her self-image
What is citizenship?
being socially responsible
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