29 terms

600 BCE to 600 CE Classical Era

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Ancestor veneration
Part of Confucianism, is about honoring and remembering family members who have died
Animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
Bodhisattva
a person who has attained enlightenment but who has postponed nirvana in order to help others achieve enlightenment
caste system
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life, a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
City-state
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. A characteristic political form in early Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, and early Italy.
Codification
The act or process of rendering laws in written form
Tao
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
Diaspora
A Greek word meaning 'dispersal,' used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland. Jews, for example, spread from Israel to western Asia and Mediterranean lands in antiquity and today can be found in other places.
Enlightenment
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation
Filial piety
In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors
Hellenistic
A cultural blend, under Alexander's policies, of Greek, Persian, Indian, and Egyptian. Koine was the popular spoken language used in these cities., "Greek-like" -word used to describe a new blended culture that combined Greek ideas with elements of Persian, Egyptian, Syrian and other cultures
Merchant
A person who makes money by selling goods
Missionaries
people who work to spread their religious beliefs
Monarchy
A government in which power is in the hands of a single person
Monastery
A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world
Monsoon winds
blowing winds that would carry vessels to and then from India which carried goods
Rajas
Sankrit word for cheifs (who ruled over major Aryan groups)
Reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
Rents
To pay regularly for the use of something. Related to tributes and sacrifices?
Republic
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Rituals
A formal ceremony or act that is always performed in the same way each time.
Sanskrit scriptures
One of the oldest written languages by Hindus in India that revealed parts of the religion 600 BCE - 600 CE.
Scriptures
Old and New Testaments that make up the Bible and are recognized as the Word of God
Shamanism
The practice of identifying special individuals (shamans) who will interact with spirits for the benefit of the community. Characteristic of the Korean kingdoms of the early medieval period and of early societies of Central Asia.
Sinicization
The adoption and absorption by foreign people of Chinese language, customs and culture.
Social harmony
taught what good government would come to china if people lived according to principles of ethics, good conduct, and moral judgement
Universal truths
Transcend all cultures, traditions, times
Codification
The act or process of rendering laws in written form
Gentry
Chinese scholar-bureaucrats or officials