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DE History Final Exam
Terms in this set (77)
popular german field marshal known as desert fox awarded the Pour le Mérite for his actions on the Italian Front.
1st viscount alamein nicknamed "Monty" and the "Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War
George C. Marshall
Chief of Staff of the United States Army under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, and served as Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense under Truman.
governed the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953
general of the Imperial Japanese Army, the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II
"Rosie the Riveter"
symbol for female empowerment
African-American military pilots who fought in World War II. Officially, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
sections of the military made up of japanese immigrants
Siege of Stalingrad
major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia
Bataan Death March
the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000-80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saisaih Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell.
coastline of northern France. Site of D-Day Invasion
rules that apply only in times of armed conflict and seek to protect people who are not or are no longer taking part in hostilities
a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II. Between 4 and 7 June 1942
battle of Okinawa and Iwo Jima
major battles in which the Marine Corps captured group of islands that brought US closer than ever to Japan
place where the first atomic bomb was dropped
Battle of Britain
military campaign of the Second World War, the Royal Air Force defended the United Kingdom against the German Air Force attacks from the end of June 1940.
place where the second atomic bomb was dropped
battle of El Alamein
turning point in the North African campaign. It ended the long fight for the Western Desert, and was the only great land battle won by the British and Commonwealth forces without direct American participation.
exterminate all jews
most known for prosecution of German war criminals Nov 20, 1945 - Oct 1, 1946
Navajo Code Talkers
navajo people who used their language to transfer messages without it being able to be deciphered by germans
Office of Strategic Services
a wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II, and a predecessor of the modern Central Intelligence Agency
leader of the nazis
forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry,
held on February 4, 1945. A WWII meeting between FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. for the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization.
conference in Berlin of the Three Heads of Government of the USSR, USA and UK. Debated how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany
military operation in the late 1940s that brought food and other needed goods into West Berlin by air after the government of east germany cut off its supply routes
american initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order.
American foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. It was first announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947.
one of the first wars to implement policy of Containment
politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War
created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
american government official who was accused of being a soviet spy in 1948.
Harry S. Truman
33rd president of the united states
American five-star general and field marshal of the Philippine Army.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
convicted of committing espionage for the Soviet Union. executed after pleading not guilty
military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack.
Cuban prime minister from 1959 to 1976
Cuban Missile Crisis
13 day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey
Bay of Pigs
failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961.
John F. Kennedy
eighth leader of the Soviet Union,
created an alliance with nixon between the U.S. and China for both trade and political diplomacy.
37th president only us president to ever resign he resigned because of the watergate scandal
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
General who commanded ground troops in Vietnam
one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam,
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th president of the us
Executive Order 9981
abolished racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
African american civil rights attorney helped end separate but equal doctrine
African american naacp lawyer and served on the supreme court as an associate justice
prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
30th Governor of California and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States.
Executive Order 9066
order that put lots of races but mostly Japanese Americans in internment camps
Brown v. Board
United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional
Davis v. County School Board
one of the five cases combined into Brown v. Board of Education, the famous case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, in 1954, officially overturned racial segregation in U.S. public schools
Voting Rights Act of 1965
aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote.
space flight that landed the first two humans on the moon.
Supply Side Economics
economic growth can be most effectively created by investing in capital and by lowering barriers on the production of goods and services.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
peaceful leader in the civil rights movement
"militant"( but non violent) civil rights activist and stood at the forefront of the "Black Power" movement. He soared to fame by popularizing the phrase "Black Power.
first black us president
Dr. Jonas Salk
created polio vaccine
42nd president of the united states
George H.W. Bush
41st us presdent
first american women in outer space
Sandra Day O'Conner
first female on supreme court
founder of the National
Organization for Women, called for an end
to the customs and attitudes that still
restricted women from equal jobs.
38th president served after Nixon resigned
39th president, OPEC and gas crisis
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993.
african american supreme court justice currently on the supreme court
first American to orbit the Earth
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