65 terms

Performance Components

This is a list of potential problems a client may be experiencing. This information is found in the handout Mrs. Jenkins gave us and can also be located in the November/December AJOT from 1994 volume 48 number 11.
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Sensory Awareness
receiving and differentiating sensory stimuli
Sensory Processing
Interpreting sensory stimuli
Tactile
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting light touch, pressure, temperature, pain, and vibration through skin contact/receptors.
Proprioceptive
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting stimuli originating in muscles, joints, and other internal tissues that give information about the position of one body part in relation to another.
Vestibular
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting stimuli from the inner ear receptors regarding head position and movement.
Visual
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting stimuli through the eyes, including peripheral vision and acuity, and awareness of color and pattern.
Auditory
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting and localizing sounds, and discriminating background sounds.
Gustatory
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting tastes
Olfactory
(Sensory Processing)
Interpreting odors
Perceptual Processing
Organizing sensory input into meaningful patterns.
Stereognosis
(Perceptual Processing)
Identifying objects through proprioception, cognition, and the sense of touch.
Kinesthesia
(Perceptual Processing)
Identifying the excursion and direction of joint movement
Pain Response
(Perceptual Processing)
Interpreting noxious stimuli.
Body Scheme
(Perceptual Processing)
Acquiring an internal awareness of the body and the relationship of body parts to each other.
Right-Left Discrimination(Perceptual Processing)
Differentiating one side from the other..
Form Constancy
(Perceptual Processing)
Recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environments, positions, and sizes.
Position in Space
(Perceptual Processing)
Determining the spatial relationship of figures and objects to self or other forms and objects.
Visual-Closure
(Perceptual Processing)
Identifying forms or objects from incomplete presentations.
Figure-Ground
(Perceptual Processing)
Differentiating between foreground and background forms and objects.
Depth Perception
(Perceptual Processing)
Determining the relative distance between objects, figures, or landmarks and the observer, and changes in planes of surfaces.
Spatial Relations
(Perceptual Processing)
Determining the position of objects relative to each other.
Topographical Orientation
(Perceptual Processing)
Determining the location of objects and settings and the route to the location.
Reflex
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Eliciting an involuntary muscle response by sensory input.
Range of Motion
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Moving body parts through an arc
Muscle Tone
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Demonstrating a degree of tension or resistance in a muscle at rest and in response to stretch.
Strength
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
demonstrating a degree of muscle power when movement is resisted
Endurance
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Sustaining cardiac, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal exertion over time.
Postural Control
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Using righting and equilibrium adjustments to maintain balance during function movements.
Postural Alignment
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Maintaining biomechanical integrity among body parts.
Soft Tissue Integrity
(Neuromusculoskeletal)
Maintaining anatomical and physiological condition of interstitial tissue and skin
Gross Coordination
(Motor)
Using large muscle groups for controlled, goal directed movements.
Crossing the Midline
(Motor)
Moving Limbs and eyes across the mid-sagittal plane of the body
Laterality
(Motor)
Using a preferred unilateral body part for activities requiring a high level of skill.
Bilateral Integration
(Motor)
Coordinating both body sides during activity.
Motor Control
(Motor)
Using the body in functional and versatile movement patterns.
Praxis
(Motor)
Conceiving and planning a new motor act in response to an environmental demand.
Fine Coordination/Dexterity
(Motor)
Using small muscle groups for controlled movements, particularly in object manipulation.
Visual-Motor Integration
(Motor)
Coordinating the interaction of information from the eyes with body movement during activity.
Oral-Motor Control
(Motor)
Coordinating oropharyngeal musculature for controlled movements.
Cognitive Integration and Cognitive Components
The ability to use higher brain functions.
Level of Arousal
(Cognitive)
Demonstrating alertness and responsiveness to environmental stimuli.
Orientation
(Cognitive)
Identifying person, place, time, and situation.
Recognition
(Cognitive)
Identifying familiar faces, objects, and other previously presented materials.
Attention Span
(Cognitive)
Focusing on a task over time
Initiation of Activity
(Cognitive)
Starting a physical or mental activity
Termination of Activity
(Cognitive)
Stopping an activity at an appropriate time.
Memory
(Cognitive)
Recalling information after brief or long periods of time
Sequencing
(Cognitive)
Placing information, concepts, and actions in order
Categorization
(Cognitive)
Identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of environmental information
Concept Formation
(Cognitive)
Organizing a variety of information to form thoughts an ideas.
Spatial Operations
(Cognitive)
Mentally manipulating the position of objects in various relationships.
Problem Solving
(Cognitive)
Recognizing a problem, defining a problem, identifying alternative plans, selecting a plan, organizing steps in a plan, implementing a plan, and evaluating the outcome.
Learning
(Cognitive)
Acquiring new concepts and behaviors.
Generalization
(Cognitive)
Applying previously learned concepts and behaviors to a variety of new situations.
Psychosocial Skills and Psychological Components
The ability to interact in society and to process emotions
Values
(Psychological)
Identifying ideas or beliefs that are important to self and others
Interests
(Psychological)
Identifying mental or physical activities that create pleasure and maintain attention
Self-Concept
(Psychological)
Developing the value of the physical, emotional, and sexual self.
Role Performance
(Psychosocial)
Identifying, maintaining, and balancing functions one assumes or acquires in society (e.g. worker, student, parent, friend, religious participant)
Social Conduct
(Psychosocial)
Interacting by using manners, personal space, eye contact, gestures, active listening, and self expression appropriate to one's environment.
Interpersonal Skills
(Psychosocial)
Using verbal and nonverbal communication to interact in a variety of settings.
Self Expression
(Psychosocial)
Using a variety of styles and skills to express thoughts, feelings, and needs.
Coping Skills
(Self-Management/Psychological)
Identifying and managing stress and related factors
Time Management
(Self-Management/Psychological)
Planning and participating in a balance of self-care, work, leisure, and rest activities to promote satisfaction and health.
Self Control
(Self-Management/Psychological)
Modifying one's own behacior in response to environental needs, demands, constraints, personal aspirations, and feedback from others.