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Terms in this set (72)
What did Progressives believe in regarding government involvement in America?
Believes that its the governments job to fix society's problems
How did the Treaty of Versailles actually set Germany up for WWII?
After WW1 Germany had to pay war reparations and Hitler promises Germany redemption (to fix their issues)
What were the main causes of WW1?
What effect did the Prohibition Era have on America?
causes the rise of organized crime due to making it and selling it illegally
What were some of the causes of the Great Depression?
"Buying on the Margin" borrowing money which then collapses the stock market
What was the New Deal? Did the role of the government in the economy expand or shrink?
- FDR's program to promote economic and social reform
- role of government expands
December 7, 1941 and the famous FDR quote
-attack on Pearl Harbor
-declare war on Japan
-"date which will live in infamy"
What was the impact of the war on women?
- created jobs for them in the factories
How did WWII impact the US economy?
Gets us out of the Great Depression
Hitler's Final Solution
Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews in areas controlled by Germany
code name for the project to build the first atomic bomb during WWII
-led by J. Robert Openheimer
-costs 2 million dollars
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb on Japan? 3 reasons
1. End the war faster
2. Save American lives
3. Japan was not going to surrender
What was the Cold War? Who was it between?
the bitter state of indirect conflict (economic or diplomatic) that existed
between the US and the Soviet Union for over 40 years after WWII
"War of Words"
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Military alliance between the US and Western Europe
formed to counter soviet expansion
stop the spread of communism by the Soviets
12 original members believed an attack on one was an attack on them all
A mutual defense alliance between the Soviet's & Sat elite countries.......
-Poland, E. Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania (Eastern Block Communist Countries)
What was the outcome of the Korean War?
cease fire & Korea remains divided
Identify the Marshall Plan and why it was significant.
Give money to European nations to rebuild so they can resist communism
Who were the Rosenbergs and what was their connection to the Red Scare?
The New York couple accused of being spies and giving atomic secrets to the Soviets and are executed
Leads to communist hysteria in the US
Who was Joseph McCarthy?
What is he famous for?
-Senator from Wisconsin that claims he has a list of communists
-destroying somebody's reputation, calling them a spy or communist without proof
What is meant by mutually assured destruction? How does it make the world safer?
Both sides have weapons/power to destroy the other but they do not
Makes the world safer because neither side uses it because they are afraid of it so they will not go to war
How did the Cold War influence the Space Race- what did it motivate the US to finally do in 1969?
Speeds up the space race & in 1969 it motivates the US to get a man on the moon
Identify the effects of suburbinization and car culture.
They create towns outside of cities and have restaurants and movie theaters (entertainment) so people are more willing to move outside of a large city because there is more to do and the houses are cheaper
Why was BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION TOPEKA such a landmark Supreme Court decision?
accommodations that are separate but equal are unconstitutional
How did Eisenhower uphold the Brown v. BOE decision?
sends in the National Guard to escort the 9 students to school
If you had two words to describe the different philosophies of MLK Jr. and Malcolm X, what would they be?
Malcom X- violent & aggressive
MLK- peaceful & nonviolent resistance
Montgomery Bus Boycott
a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
to protest Rosa Parks arrest
Little Rock Nine
9 students go to an all white school escorted by the national guard
March on Washington
MLK delivers "I have DREAM"
200,000 people rally in Washington for civil rights
People who ride the bus to protest segregation of transportation
Trying to get African Americans to vote in Mississippi
Civil Rights Act of 1964
ended segregation in public places & jobs
and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origi
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Bands literacy tests and poll taxes
Have to let African Americans vote
How did the media impact the Civil Rights Movement?
Broadcasts the violent parts and the good of the protests
Why did the civil rights movement get more radical?
The rise of the KKK in the South promoting violence
Why do many believe JFK won the election of 1960?
because he was a good speaker and was a lot more professional than Nixon
How did the Bay of Pigs impact JFK's administration?
they did not trust Kennedy and Cuban American & Cuba does not trust Kennedy either
How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end?
Soviet's backed down and took their missiles out of Cuba and the US takes out missiles out of Turkey
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
to keep the East Berlin people in their own area
What was LBJ's Great Society? Who did it help? How?
Antipoverty, healthcare, education, environment, discrimination helping the people in need (created medicare and Medicaid)
Why did the US get involved in the Vietnam War?
containment- trying to stop the spread of communism
Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell to communism then the rest of Southeast Asia would follow
hit and run ambush tactics used by Vietminh
Ho Chi Minh
communist leader of North Vietnam
Created the Vietcong
What is meant by the phrase "living room war"?
People could watch the war day to day in Vietnam because it was televised
hippy movement, free spirits, going against the main stream
Why did so many students join protest movements in the late 1960's- early 1970's?
protesting the draft
What was Nixon's plan to end the war in Vietnam? Why didn't make people angry?
Vietnamization- withdrawing US troops and having South Vietnam take over
Withdraw was too slow so people got mad
Nixon's policy to ease tensions because soviets, the US and China
Ping pong diplomacy help Nixon form ties with which country?
What was the result of the Watergate scandal and Nixon's resignation?
People do not trust the government
What critical problem impacted both the Ford and Carter administration?
the energy crisis
What kind of personality characteristics illustrate Jimmy Carter as a man?
Honest, genuine, hardworking
What was Jimmy Carter's greatest foreign-policy achievement as president?
Camp David Accords- peace agreement between Egypt and Israel
What event hurt President Carter in a very personal way the most?
Iranian hostage crisis
What did the court case Roe v. Wade decide?
the right to have an abortion if you want one
Differences between conservatives and liberals: which group believes that private industry and charity should help those in need rather than government?
also known as trickle-down economics
the little wealth would "trickle-down" to the middle class or poor Americans
supply side economics
Who was Mikhail Gorbachev?
President of the Soviet Union
Openness, policy in the Soviet Union calling for open discussion of national problems
Soviet policy for restructuring a stagnant Soviet economy
Why did some historians believe Reagan help to and the cold war?
military spending hastens the collapse of the Soviet economy because they are spending money trying to keep up with the US
Why was the Iran-Contra scandal so embarrassing to the Reagan administration?
negotiating with terrorists by selling arms to Iran to get the prisoners released
Why was it difficult for the Clinton Administration to pass the Health Care Reform Plan?
Congress doesn't not want to reform health care because it is controlled by Republicans and they did not want to fund a public healthcare system
Why was Clinton impeached(although he was not removed from office)?
because he lies about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky because of purgery (lying of oath) and obstruction of Justice
What did Saddam Hussein do in 1992 anger other nations and provoke US military action?
His election of 2000 victory over Al gore why did George W. Bush win?
The supreme court orders a recount in Florida giving him a victory
Why did the US go to war in Afghanistan in 2001?
Osama Bin Laden was hiding & Afghanistan let Al-Qaeda run training camps in their country
Since the end of World War II the US has emerged as a major world power and has chosen to use its power in various situations across the globe. Provide 2 historical examples and explain why we became involved and how the US deal with the situation.
Vietnam- trying to stop the spread of communism
Not successful because the war ends in a stalemate
Korean War- trying to stop communism
China & Soviets are helping North Korea
Stop the spread of communism to South Korea but North Korea stays the same (communist)
Explain an example of a president domestic policy and how it attempted to improve the lives of American citizens. Be sure to provide at least two items from the policy and explain how it helped Americans citizens
The New Deal- social security- created by FDR
point of social security- to aid the elderly who cannot work
Medicare & Medicaid - healthy insure for the elderly and the poor
Throughout American history the federal government has both protected and did not American civil rights for various reasons. Discuss a time in the government has protected these rights as well as the time and they violated these rights.
Protected: Civil Rights Act of 1957
Point: to make sure everything had equal treatment under the law
Violated: Patriot's Act
Point: spying and listening to people's conversations to try to prevent terrorism
Political scandals and government corruption have led to a growing distrust among American citizens in relation to the US government. Address two examples or incidents of scandal or corruption by explaining the details of the event and how the American public reacted.
Watergate Scandal- Nixon involved-
What is it: spying on democrats and recording people's conversations
Reaction: surprised & do not trust the government afterwards because they see Nixon abusing his power
Clinton: getting caught with purgery and lying under oath
Kennedy: The Bay of Pigs
What it is: send Cuban exiles to take out Castro
Reaction: People do not trust Kennedy & strengthens Castro's power in Cuba
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