25 terms

Magruder's American Government Chapter 5

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Terms in this set (...)

Political Party
a group of o seek to persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public offices.
Major Parties
2 parties, democratic and republicans.
Partisanship
the strong support of their party and its policy stands
Party in Power
the party that controls the executive branch of government.
Minor Party
one of the many political parties without wide voter support in this country
Two-Party System
two major parties, democrats and republicans.
Single-member Districts
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office.
Plurality
the largest number of votes cast for the office
Bipartisan
the two major parties find common ground and work together.
Pluralistic Society
one consisting of several district cultures and here.
Consensus
a general agreement among various groups.
Multiparty
a system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for and actually win public offices. (Feature of most European democracies)
Coalition
a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government.
One-party System
"no party" system dictatorship. Party of the ruling clique.
Incumbent
current office holder.
Factions
conflicting groups.
Electorate
the people eligible to vote.
Sectionalism
a devotion to the interest of a particular region
Idealogical Parties
parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters.
Single-Issue Parties
focus on only one public policy matter.
Economic Protest Parties
parties rooted in poor economic times lacking a clear idealogical base.
Splinter Parties
those that have split away from one of the major parties.
Ward
a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members.
Precinct
the smallest unit of election administration: the voters in each precinct report to one polling place.
Split-Ticket Voting
voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election.