Texas Government 2306 Exam 3

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In the Texas legislature, the House has ______ members and the senate has ______ members.
150-31
One of the most notable effects of bicameralism in the Texas legislature is that it
permits more opportunities to kill or significantly modify a bill.
What is the function of the "local and consent" calendar?
It is for bills that are uncontroversial or limited to a localized problem. Needs a 100% yes vote to pass.
The requirements for holding office in the Texas legislature
Are minimal, in keeping with the idea that office holding should be open to most citizens.
The typical Texas legislator is most likely to be a
white, affluent businessman
For how long does the Texas legislature meet?
140 days
Which of the following is not a legislative power of the Texas governor?
Removing, for suitable cause, the Speaker or lieutenant governor
The agenda for special sessions in the Texas legislature are set by the
Governor
Which of the following statements about special sessions of the Texas legislature is true?
they are limited to three per year
In 2004 and 2005, three special sessions were called in the Texas legislature to deal with
School Finance
Which of the following is neither a duty nor a power of the lieutenant governor in Texas?
The ability to call the Texas Senate into special session.
A bill in the Texas legislature that would allow a county to establish a new community college would be classified as a?
Local Bill
If the legislature grants a particular corporation an exception from a state law, it is called
Special Bill
What is the main difference between a bill and a resolution?
Unlike a bill, a resolution, if passed, lacks the force of a public law.
Define simple resolutions:
In the United States, a simple resolution is a legislative measure passed by only either the Senate or the House. As they have been passed by only one house, simple resolutions are not presented to the President, and do not have the force of law.
What are constituency services provided by Texas representatives
Writing a letter of recommendation for a constituent.
Legislative activity.
Attempting to influence decisions of government agencies.
Giving a speech to a local civic group
Know the nonlegislative powers of the Texas legislature.
-the power of impeachment
-Investigative powers
-to formally count the returns in the Texas Governor's races
In Texas, who can write a bill?
Anyone at all
In the Texas legislature, all bills dealing with state revenue must
start in the House of Representatives.
In the Texas legislature, the referral of a bill to a standing committee in the House and the senate is the job of whom?
Speaker of the House and lieutenant governor.
In the Texas legislature, when a committee chair "pigeonholes" a bill, what happens?
The bill is set aside before it is ever discussed in committee.
As in the U.S. Congress, what is the purpose of a conference committee in the Texas legislature?
It is a committee designed to make differing House and Senate versions of the same bill identical.
In Texas, why is a governor's post-adjournment veto so powerful?
It cannot be overturned by the legislature.
When the governor strikes out specific spending provisions in large appropriations bills, it is called
The line-item veto.
In Texas, the governor's State of the State address is an example of the ______ power.
Message
Why is the comptroller of public accounts so important to the legislature?
The comptroller informs the legislature how much money it has to spend on the budget.
How is the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives chosen?
The speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is an elected member of the House who is formally chosen as speaker by a majority vote of the House membership at the opening of the legislative session, elected by the members of the House of Representatives
In the Texas House of Representatives, who has the power to allow members to speak in floor debates?
the Speaker of the House
Legislative districts in the Texas House and Senate are
Single member districts
Who has responsibility for redistricting the Texas delegation to the U.S. Congress?
The Texas legislature
What is the importance of the Supreme Court case Reynolds v. Sims?
The Court struck down state senate inequality, basing their decision on the principle of "one person, one vote." Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964) was a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
When does the Legislative Redistricting Board have the authority to draw new districts?
If the legislature fails to redraw districts at the first regular session after the census.
What unconventional action did the Texas legislature take in 2003?
It redistricted a second time in a single decade.
The Texas constitution permits the election to the Texas legislature of persons who are not U.S. citizens but who have been legal residents of Texas for at least ten years.
False
The typical Texas legislator is a white, upper-class, male Protestant.
True
The Texas legislature meets in regular session once every two years.
False
A special legislative session may last as long as it takes to complete the session's agenda.
False
The Texas House of Representatives is responsible for both impeaching government officials and holding the trial after impeachment.
False
Unlike the U.S. Senate, the Texas Senate does not permit filibusters.
False
Conference committees are designed to make Texas House and Senate bills identical to each other.
True
Like the U.S. president, the governor of Texas can kill a bill by refusing to sign it.
False
The governor of Texas has the authority to exercise a line-item veto.
False
In Texas, both the lieutenant governor and the Speaker of the House are elected in statewide elections.
False speaker of the house is elected by a roll call vote
The lieutenant governor is also a member of the Texas House of Representatives.
True
Members of the Texas House of Reps. are permitted to speak on the House floor for as long as they wish.
False
The secretary of state in Texas is responsible for redrawing legislative districts every ten years.
False
If the Texas legislature fails to redistrict, the task of redistricting then falls to the federal district court.
False
What type of powers does the governor of Texas have?
Governor of Texas. The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature.
Know the qualification a person would need to be a viable candidate for governor of Texas?
thirty years of age, prior political experience, U.S. citizenship, access to money
Who was the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction, and when was he or she elected?
William Clements 1978
In Texas, why are gubernatorial elections held in off years?
To minimize the effect of presidential elections on the selection of the Texas Governor.
What is the ultimate check on the governor?
Impeachment
In Texas, if a sitting governor is unable to hold office due to impeachment and conviction, resignation, or death, who becomes governor?
The lieutenant governor
_____ is the only Texas governor to be both impeached and convicted.
James Ferguson
What is the most important function of the Texas governor's staff?
to keep the governor informed about problems and issues
What is the most significant and far-reaching of the Texas governor's powers?
Being able to impeach people in the house or senate.
Which of the following is the best example of the Texas governor's exercise of senatorial courtesy?
The governor will not appoint someone to office unless that appointee's state senator agrees
Which of the following is the best example of the Texas governor's military powers?
The governor can declare martial law during a natural disaster.
What is the Department of Public Safety is responsible for?
The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) is a department of the government of the state of Texas. DPS is responsible for statewide law enforcement and vehicle regulation. The Public Safety Commission oversees DPS.
What are the legislative powers of the Texas governor?
Governor of Texas. The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature.
When the Texas governor strikes out particular spending provisions in an appropriations bill, it is called
The line-item veto.
For a Texas governor, what is the benefit of a post-adjournment veto?
The legislature is prevented from overriding it.
What is the Texas governor's greatest judicial power?
the power to appoint judges to vacancies in the courts
In Texas, what is the primary effect of a plural executive?
It dilutes the power of the governor and fragments the executive branch.
What makes the greatest difference between strong and weak governors of Texas?
the differences in personality
Why did the Texas constitution establish a plural executive?
There was suspicion of a strong chief executive
In Texas, which officer in the plural executive is not elected by voters?
the secretary of state
What is the primary task of the Texas secretary of state?
administering elections and maintaining some financial records
What is the function of the lieutenant governor in Texas?
The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.
The chief lawyer for Texas is the
Attorney General
Almost one-half of the attorney general's employees are involved in what government task?
collecting child-support payments
The ______ is the oldest state agency in Texas.
General Land Office
Which office is charged with ensuring the accuracy of official weights and measures?
The Department of Agriculture
In Texas, what is the most important power of the state comptroller?
Estimating tax revenues for the legislature
Which state office was eliminated in 1996?
State treasurer
In Texas, how is the plural executive is held accountable?
appointment by the governor.
Authority over railroads throughout Texas was given to the ______ in 2005.
Texas Department of Transportation
The Texas State Board of Education is responsible for?
The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is a branch of the state government of Texas in the United States responsible for public education. The agency is headquartered in the William B. Travis State Office Building in Downtown Austin.
What is the purpose of the Sunset Advisory Commission in Texas?
It reviews state agencies every twelve years to see if they are still needed.
The Texas governor has many formal powers, making him or her one of the United States's strongest chief executives.
False
The governor of Texas currently serves a two-year term in office.
False
George W. Bush was the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction.
false
The governor makes approximately 3,000 appointments to executive boards and commissions during a single term in office.
false
The governor has the ability to declare martial law in Texas
-true
Both the lieutenant governor and the secretary of state in Texas have the authority to call a special session of the legislature.
-false
The Texas governor has strong powers for granting clemency.
false
The structure of the Texas executive branch is centralized, with much formal authority allocated to the governor.
false
Texas has a plural executive made up of multiple popularly elected offices.
true
The attorney general in Texas is responsible for overseeing the registration of voters.
false
In Texas, the lieutenant governor is also the president of the senate and may cast a vote to break a tie.
true
The attorney general's office offers advisory opinions to state agencies concerning the legality of actions.
true
The comptroller of public accounts directs the collection of taxes for the state of Texas.
true
There are approximately twenty state boards and commissions within the Texas plural executive.
false
The Texas Sunset Advisory Commission has mandated that no government official may serve in any single office for more than twelve years.
false
Like the U.S. Supreme Court, the Texas Supreme Court has nine justices, including one chief justice.
false
The Texas Supreme Court and the court of criminal appeals have appellate jurisdiction.
true
Texas Supreme Court justices are elected for four-year terms.
False, six years
Currently, there are fifteen statutory probate court judges.
False, 18
Texas justices of the peace do not have to be lawyers.
True
Each incorporated town or city in Texas has a municipal court.
True
The majority of justice of the peace judges have a credentialed background in law.
False
In Texas, appellate court judges are elected, but the governor appoints trial judges to six-year terms.
False
Judicial elections in Texas are nonpartisan.
True, Partisan.
One of the biggest controversies concerning the method of judicial selection in Texas is that there may be conflicts of interest when judges must hear cases determining the financial interests of persons who have donated to their campaigns.
True? But could be false because i would think the case would be reassigned so the issue would be irrelevant. I looked it up and most cases are reassigned
Texas law restricts the number of judicial races during any single election cycle to no more than six.
False
Less than 20 percent of all judges in Texas are Hispanic.
True
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Voting Rights Act applies to state judicial elections.
True
In 1996, the voters of Texas chose to adopt the merit selection of judges.
False
Texas law restricts the amount of money a judicial candidate may receive from donors.
True