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what is the most common route of transmission?
fecal oral (teach important of hand hygiene to parents/child care workers)
passive can be ___ or ____ ?
natural (maternal antibodies) or artificial (antibodies from other sources)
natural passive immunity example?
Antibodies (proteins capable of responding to specific infectious agents) are acquired via breast milk or placenta
artificial passive immunity example?
A method of passive immunity from a human or animal host (Used by immunosuppressed pts to decrease the severity of the diseases that they may not have immunity to )
recombinant forms IMMUNIZATION
genetically altered organism (HepB & acellular pertussis[uses pertussis proteins])
conjugated forms IMMUNIZATION
organism combined with a substance to increase immunity (haemophilis influenzae tpye B HIB)
how to reduce pain/anxiety
bottle/pacifier, distraction, 2 providers/2 injections, allow older child to pick site, allow parent to comfort
how to prep for emergencies?
epi and emergency equipment available & notify vaccine compensation injury program
any communicable disease caused by microorganisms that are commonly transmitted from one person to another or from an animal to a person
an infection often caused by direct transmission (acquired from a person or animal through contact with body fluids such as kissing sneezing, or coughing)
is acquired through contact with contaminated objects or by vectors(ticks, mosquitoes, other insects)
whos at high risk for communicable disease?
children with a toxic appearance, newborns <28 d with T > 100.4, children <4 with T >105.8, & children with CHD, VP shunt, asplenia, sickle cell disease
Intestinal Parasitic Disorders: pets & wildlife?
pets need to be checked regularly for parasites & dewormed regularly
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