AP US History Unit Two

Terms in this set (224)

New England remained definitely against the war, largely due to the embittered Federalists. So, late in 1814, when the capture of New Orleans seemed imminent, Massachusetts issued a call for a convention at Hartford, Connecticut. The states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island dispatched full delegations; New Hampshire and Vermont sent partial representation. This group of men, 26 in all, met in complete secrecy for about 3 weeks to discuss their grievances and to seek redress for their wrongs. The convention's final reports demanded financial assistance from Washington to compensate for lost trade and proposed constitutional amendments requiring 2/3 vote in Congress before an embargo could be imposed, new states admitted, or war declared. Most of the demands reflected Federalist fears that a once-proud New England was falling subservient to an agrarian South and west. They also sought to abolish the 3/5 clause, unsuccessfully, and to uproot the Virginia Dynasty. Three envoys from Massachusetts carried these demands to Washington, but just at the same time news of the victory at New Orleans came in as well and overshadowed the grievances greatly. Pursued by criticism of the press, the envoys sank away in disgrace and into obscurity. These resolutions, as it turned out, ended up being the "death dirge" of the Federalist party. They were never again to mount a successful presidential campaign. So, basically, this convention served as a final (and failed) Federalist attempt at making change and bringing themselves back to power.