- sets up the government - defines the government - protects basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People
What is an amendment?
- a change (to the Constitution) - an addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
the Bill of Rights
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
- speech - religion - assembly - press - petition the government
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
- announced our independence (from Great Britain) - declared our independence (from Great Britain) - said the US is free (from Great Britain)
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
- life - liberty - pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion
What is the economic system in the US?
- capitalist economy - market economy
What is the "rule of law"?
- Everyone must follow the law. - Leaders must obey the law. - Government must obey the law. - No one is above the law.
Name one branch or part of government.
- Congress - legislative - President - executive - the courts - judicial
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
- checks and balances - separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Who makes federal laws?
- Congress - Senate and House (of Representatives) - (US or national) legislature
What are the two parts of the US Congress?
the Senate and House (of Representatives)
How many US Senators are there?
one hundred (100)
We elect a US Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your state's US Senators now?
Kamala Harris (formerly Barbara Boxer) Diane Feinstein
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
four hundred thirty five (435)
We elect a US Representative for how many years?
Name your US Representative
Jim Costa Costa
Who does a US Senator represent?
all people of the state
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
- (because of) the state's population - (because) they have more people - (because) some states have more people
We elect a President for how many years?
four (4) four years 4
In what month do we vote for President?
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Donald Trump Trump
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
Mike Pence Pence
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
the Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
the Speaker of the House
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the President's Cabinet do?
advises the President
What are two Cabinet level positions?
- Secretary of Agriculture - Secretary of Commerce - Secretary of Defense - Secretary of Education - Secretary of Energy - Secretary of Health and Human Services - Secretary of Homeland Security - Secretary of Housing and Urban Development - Secretary of Interior - Secretary of Labor - Secretary of State - Secretary of Transportation - Secretary of Treasury - Secretary of Veterans Affairs - Attorney General - Vice President
What does the judicial branch do?
- reviews laws - explains laws - resolves disputes (disagreements) - decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the United States?
the Supreme Court
How many Justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
John Roberts (John G Roberts Jr)
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
- to print money - to declare war - to create an army - to make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
- provide schooling and education - provide protection (police) - provide safety (fire departments) - give a driver's license - approve zoning and land use
Who is the Governor of your state now?
Jerry Brown Edmund Gerald Brown
What is the capital of your state?
What are the two major political parties in the US?
Democratic and Republican
What is the political party of the President now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Paul D Ryan Paul Ryan
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
- Citizens eighteen (18) and older can vote. - You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. - Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) - A male citizen of any race (can vote).
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
- serve on a jury - vote in a federal election
Name one right only for United States citizens.
- vote in a federal election - run for federal office
What are two rights of everyone living in the US?
- freedom of expression - freedom of speech - freedom of assembly - freedom to petition the government - freedom of religion - the right to bear arms
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
- the United States - the flag
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
- give up loyalty to other countries - defend the Constitution and laws of the United States - obey the laws of the United States - serve in the US military (if needed) - serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) - be loyal to the United States
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
eighteen (18) and older
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
- vote - join a political party - help with a campaign - join a civic group - join a community group - give an elected official your opinion on an issue - call Senators and Representatives - publicly support or oppose an issue or policy - run for office - write to a newspaper
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
- at age eighteen (18) - between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
What is one reason colonists came to America?
- freedom - political liberty - religious freedom - economic opportunity - practice their religion - escape persecution
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians Native Americans
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans people from Africa
Why did the colonists fight the British?
- because of high taxes (taxation without representation? - because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) - because they didn't have self-government
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three
New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
When was the Constitution written?
Sept 17, 1787 1787 June 21, 1788 (ratified) March 4, 1789 (began a new govt)
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the US Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(James) Madison (Alexander) Hamilton (John) Jay Publius (pseudonym of Federalist papers)
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
US diplomat oldest member of the Constitutional Convention first Postmaster General of the United States writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac" started the first free libraries
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
Who was the first President?
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
the Louisiana Territory Louisiana
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
- War of 1812 - Mexican-American War - Civil War - Spanish-American War
Name the US war between the North and the South.
the Civil War the War Between the States
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
- slavery - economic reasons - states' rights
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
- freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) - saved (or preserved) the Union - led the United States during the Civil War
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
- freed the slaves - freed slaves in the Confederacy - freed slaves in the Confederate states - freed slaves in most Southern states
What did Susan B Anthony do?
fought for women's rights fought for civil rights
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
- World War I - World War II - Korean War - Viet Nam War - (Persian) Gulf War
Who was President during World War I?
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
civil rights (movement)
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
fought for civil rights worked for equality for all Americans
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
terrorists attacked the United States
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.