17 terms

Spatial patterns of land use in urban areas

STUDY
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Twilight zone
The urban zone of a city where industry and residential areas mix and the population is often transitory
PVLI
Peak Land Value Intersection, the region within a settlement with the greatest land value and commerce. As such, it is usually located in the central business district of a town or city, and has the greatest density of transport links such as roads and rail.
Land Value
The amount someone is willing to pay to own or rent a set area of land
Bid Rent Theory
Refers to how the price and demand for real estate change as the distance from the central business district (CBD) increases. It states that different land users such as industry, residential and retail, will compete with one another for land close to the city centre.
Secondary Land Value Peak
An area of elevated land prices towards the edge of cities often where key transport routes converge increasing accessibility e.g. Silverlink retail park on the A19 and A1058 on Tyneside
Urban Form
The physical characteristics that make up built-up areas, including the shape, size, density and configuration of settlements.
Urban morphology
The study of the form of human settlements and the process of their formation and transformation, with reference to the spatial structure and organisation
Distance Decay
States that the interaction between two locales declines as the distance between them increases. In this case, that land price decreases with distance from the CBD
CBD
Central Business District, Characterised by High/multi-storey buildings, expensive land values, department stores or specialist shops, like jewellers, shopping malls and pedestrian precincts, cultural/historical buildings, museums and castles, Offices, finance, banks, administration, town hall (business sector), bus and railway stations (transport centres).
Inner City
Typically found next to the CBD and has mainly terraced houses in a grid like pattern. These were originally built to house factory workers who worked in the inner city factories. Many of these factories have now closed down.
Residential
Areas consisting of housing from a range of periods, traditionally increased in size and price as distance from the CBD increases
Regeneration of CBDs
Has increased residential property prices in that location
Green areas
There are many areas of green space within UK cities including gardens, parks, ornamental gardens and even farmland. Distribution tends to be uneven do some groups of people have more access than others
Informal Squatter Settlements
A typical shanty town often lacks adequate infrastructure, including proper sanitation, safe water supply, electricity, hygienic streets, or other basic necessities to support human settlements.
Industry
Required large areas of land and tend to be towards the edge of cities where land was cheaper or on land where another cost advantage could be found e.g. along rivers for cheaper transport
Business or science parks
Found at the edges of cities close to green space and transport routes. Often affiliated with a university so that knowledge can be shared, innovation promoted, and research outcomes progressed to viable commercial products.
Out of town retailers
A large specially built area, usually at the edge of a town or city, where there are a lot of large shops and sometimes other facilities such as cinemas and restaurants.